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14 Examples of Data Control

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Data control is the process of governing and managing data. It is a common type of internal control designed to achieve data governance and data management objectives. The following are examples of data controls.

Data Quality

Processes to ensure the accuracy, completeness, credibility and timeliness of data.

Audit Trail

Capturing logs such that data access can't go unnoticed. Allows incidents to be investigated.

Information Security

Protecting data from unauthorized access, modification, use or deletion. For example, secure authentication, authorization and encryption of data in storage and transit.

Data Custodian

The technical owner of a collection of data responsible for its administration.

Data Steward

The business owner of a collection of data responsible for its management.

Data Controller

The owner of compliance for a collection of data. Controls access to the data such as an internal request to take a copy of a database.

Segregation of Duties

Segregation of duties as a measure of risk reduction and compliance. For example, different people to approve a request to access a system and those who administer the request. This prevents situations where a single person can be tricked into giving out data.


Backing up data in multiple locations and procedures to restore it.

Data Retention

Policies for data retention and deletion. For example, deleting personal data when you no longer have a legitimate use for it.

Deletion & Disposal

Implementing data deletion and proper disposal of data storage devices.


Processes and procedures that are implemented to comply with regulations.

Incidents & Problems

Managing information security incidents and addressing root cause with processes of incident management and problem management.


Notification of incidents such as data breaches to business units, executives, government, customers and data subjects as appropriate.

Business Continuity

Processes to restore access to data in the event of a major disruption such as a disaster.
Overview: Data Control
Definition (1)
The process of governing and managing data.
Definition (2)
Internal controls that implement data governance and data management objectives.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about data.
Abstract Data
Atomic Data
Big Data
Cohort Analysis
Dark Data
Data Analysis
Data Architecture
Data Attribute
Data Cleansing
Data Collection
Data Complexity
Data Consumer
Data Control
Data Corruption
Data Custodian
Data Degradation
Data Dredging
Data Entity
Data Federation
Data Integration
Data Integrity
Data Liberation
Data Lineage
Data Literacy
Data Loss
Data Management
Data Massage
Data Migration
Data Mining
Data Owner
Data Producer
Data Quality
Data Remanence
Data Risks
Data Rot
Data Science
Data Security
Data States
Data Transformation
Data Uncertainty
Data Veracity
Data View
Data Virtualization
Data Volume
Data Wipe
Decision Support
Deep Magic
Empirical Evidence
Event Data
Hard Data
Information Assurance
Legacy Data
Machine Data
Market Research
Master Data
Misuse of Statistics
Personal Data
Personal Information
Predictive Analytics
Primary Data
Primary Research
Qualitative Data
Qualitative Info
Quantitative Data
Raw Data
Reference Data
Small Data
Soft Data
Source Data
Statistical Analysis
Statistical Population
Structured Data
Transaction Processing
Transactional Data
Types Of Data
Unstructured Data
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Data Security

A list of common data security techniques.

Data Remanence

An overview of data remanence.

Delete vs Wipe

The difference between deleting data and wiping it.

Data Masking vs Redaction

The difference between data masking and redaction.


A definition of degaussing as a data security technique.

Data States

An overview of the three data states.

Personal Data

Examples of the common types of personal data.

Cybersecurity Risk

An overview of cybersecurity risk at the organizational level.

Confidential Information

An overview of confidential information with examples.

Data Profiling

A definition of data profiling with examples.

Data Custodian vs Data Steward

The difference between data custodian and data steward.

Information Governance vs Data Governance

The difference between information governance and data governance.

Data Owner

A definition of data owner with examples of their responsibilities.
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