| John Spacey, December 13, 2015 updated on September 08, 2017
Information architecture is the design of structures for information environments. It is used to organize media, publications, documents, software, websites and other information tools to make them more useful to people. The following are common examples.
Table of ContentsA basic example of information architecture is a table of contents that gives structure to a document but doesn't define the content itself. Looking at information architecture from the perspective of users who would like to accomplish a goal such as researching and applying for a mortgage. This is used to design information structures such as wireframes and navigation tools that are useful.
SitemapDetermining what screens you need for a user interface and how they will be linked together.
WireframesDesigning the basic layout of screens without details.
NavigationTools that allow users to jump from one place to another.Visual cues that make information easier to find such as breadcrumbs.
Information about information. For example, tags that can be used to navigate topics.
SearchThe architecture of search tools that allow users to query information.
Information StructuresOrganization of knowledge and information into structures. For example, a hierarchy of knowledge categories for an organization's document management tool.
Data StructuresThe design of data structures that define data entires and relationships between entities.
Orchestration & ChoreographyDefining information processes that will be automated with orchestration and choreography tools such as flow of screens and events. For example, three sequential screens for a mortgage application that can be saved and resumed at any point. This may include events such as a message to customers that reminds them of an open application.
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