Intelligence is the ability to understand, create and use ideas. This has several common variations:
Fluid IntelligenceFluid intelligence is the ability to adapt to new situations where you have no background knowledge or experience.
Crystallized IntelligenceThe ability to apply your knowledge and experience in an intelligent way.
Rational ThinkingRational thinking is the ability to think in ways that other intelligent beings might deem reasonable. For example, the ability to come up with a theory or argument that other people view as insightful.
LogicLogic is a class of formal systems that can be used to validate or generate rational thought. Classic logic suffers from a problem known as excluded middle whereby it can't consider grey areas.
Fuzzy LogicA class of modern logic that uses probability theory to handle grey areas.
Convergent ThinkingConvergent thinking is the ability to come up with the correct answer to a problem with a well known solution. For example, the ability to solve a logic problem. IQ tests measure convergent thinking.
Divergent ThinkingThe ability to handle problems that have no correct answer such as a strategy, design, social interaction or artistic creation.
IntentionalityIntentionality is the ability to act in a directed way with a sense of purpose.
Artificial IntelligenceArtificial intelligence is a class of systems that seek to automatically mimic rational thought.
Collective IntelligenceAttempts to create intelligent outcomes as groups such as a society, organization or team. Generally more challenging that being intelligent as an individual as group decisions often reflect a series of political compromises.
Swarm IntelligenceIntelligence that emerges from the independent behavior of many actors. For example, a stock market that finds a realistic price for stocks based on the complex behavior of millions of investors.
TalentTalent is an ability to create value in a domain. For example, a teacher who can explain something well and inspire students.
AptitudeAptitude is the potential to become talented. For example, a piano student who has progressed extremely far for their age.
ImaginationThe ability to think in ways that differ from concrete reality.
CreativityCreativity is the ability to create non-obvious value.
Counterfactual ThinkingCounterfactual thinking is the process of thinking about how the past could have been different.Thoughts or feelings that originate with the subconscious such that you are unaware how they were formed.
Emotional IntelligenceEmotional intelligence is the ability to read, use and express emotion. Emotions are mental states that color all thoughts.
Social IntelligenceThe ability to thrive in a complex society where things like language, culture and norms apply to every interaction.
IntrospectionIntrospection is the ability to examine your own thoughts, emotion and character to self-improve.
Self-AwarenessMaking progress with introspection such that you know who you are, who you are not and where you are going.
Situational AwarenessThe ability to quickly understand and respond to fast moving situations. For example, a snowboarder who can respond to being sideswiped by a skier going 90 mph in a socially acceptable and safe way.
Spatial IntelligenceThe ability to perceive, process and visualize 3d space in your mind. For example, an ability to realistically model in your head how your existing furniture would fit into the rooms of a new apartment.
Abstract ThinkingAbstract thinking is the ability to think in concepts that differ from reality that are nonetheless useful in explaining it. This is a basic human ability as most language is conceptual. For example, freedom doesn't exist as a concrete reality but certainly exists to humans because they think in abstraction.
Visual ThinkingVisual thinking is the ability to think and communicate in pictures.
Linguistic IntelligenceA talent for language such as a good public speaker or writer.
Kinesthetic IntelligenceThe ability to use your body well such as an athlete with a talent for a sport.
Musical IntelligenceA talent for music.
Existential IntelligenceExistential intelligence is an ability to think about deep intractable questions in areas such as philosophy, physics and ethics.
Naturalist IntelligenceA talent for enjoying nature, understanding nature and developing value from it. For example, a gardener with a knack for making hard-to-grow plants thrive.
Design ThinkingThe ability to create new value and to solve problems with design. For example, a city planner who is able to improve quality of life in a city with redesigned streets such as play streets.
Systems ThinkingSystems thinking is the ability to think through the end-to-end impacts of change to complex systems. For example, a CEO who knows how to move an entire organization with deep structural and cultural problems towards an ambitious goal.
Strategic ThinkingStrategic thinking is the ability to achieve objectives and goals in an environment of constraints and competition.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about intelligence.
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