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33 Examples of Intelligence

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Intelligence is the ability to understand, create and use ideas. This has several common variations:

Fluid Intelligence

Fluid intelligence is the ability to adapt to new situations where you have no background knowledge or experience.

Crystallized Intelligence

The ability to apply your knowledge and experience in an intelligent way.

Rational Thinking

Rational thinking is the ability to think in ways that other intelligent beings might deem reasonable. For example, the ability to come up with a theory or argument that other people view as insightful.

Logic

Logic is a class of formal systems that can be used to validate or generate rational thought. Classic logic suffers from a problem known as excluded middle whereby it can't consider grey areas.

Fuzzy Logic

A class of modern logic that uses probability theory to handle grey areas.

Convergent Thinking

Convergent thinking is the ability to come up with the correct answer to a problem with a well known solution. For example, the ability to solve a logic problem. IQ tests measure convergent thinking.

Divergent Thinking

The ability to handle problems that have no correct answer such as a strategy, design, social interaction or artistic creation.

Intentionality

Intentionality is the ability to act in a directed way with a sense of purpose.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a class of systems that seek to automatically mimic rational thought.

Collective Intelligence

Attempts to create intelligent outcomes as groups such as a society, organization or team. Generally more challenging that being intelligent as an individual as group decisions often reflect a series of political compromises.

Swarm Intelligence

Intelligence that emerges from the independent behavior of many actors. For example, a stock market that finds a realistic price for stocks based on the complex behavior of millions of investors.

Talent

Talent is an ability to create value in a domain. For example, a teacher who can explain something well and inspire students.

Aptitude

Aptitude is the potential to become talented. For example, a piano student who has progressed extremely far for their age.

Imagination

The ability to think in ways that differ from concrete reality.

Creativity

Creativity is the ability to create non-obvious value.

Counterfactual Thinking

Counterfactual thinking is the process of thinking about how the past could have been different.

Intuition

Thoughts or feelings that originate with the subconscious such that you are unaware how they were formed.

Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability to read, use and express emotion. Emotions are mental states that color all thoughts.

Social Intelligence

The ability to thrive in a complex society where things like language, culture and norms apply to every interaction.

Introspection

Introspection is the ability to examine your own thoughts, emotion and character to self-improve.

Self-Awareness

Making progress with introspection such that you know who you are, who you are not and where you are going.

Situational Awareness

The ability to quickly understand and respond to fast moving situations. For example, a snowboarder who can respond to being sideswiped by a skier going 90 mph in a socially acceptable and safe way.

Spatial Intelligence

The ability to perceive, process and visualize 3d space in your mind. For example, an ability to realistically model in your head how your existing furniture would fit into the rooms of a new apartment.

Abstract Thinking

Abstract thinking is the ability to think in concepts that differ from reality that are nonetheless useful in explaining it. This is a basic human ability as most language is conceptual. For example, freedom doesn't exist as a concrete reality but certainly exists to humans because they think in abstraction.

Visual Thinking

Visual thinking is the ability to think and communicate in pictures.

Linguistic Intelligence

A talent for language such as a good public speaker or writer.

Kinesthetic Intelligence

The ability to use your body well such as an athlete with a talent for a sport.

Musical Intelligence

A talent for music.

Existential Intelligence

Existential intelligence is an ability to think about deep intractable questions in areas such as philosophy, physics and ethics.

Naturalist Intelligence

A talent for enjoying nature, understanding nature and developing value from it. For example, a gardener with a knack for making hard-to-grow plants thrive.

Design Thinking

The ability to create new value and to solve problems with design. For example, a city planner who is able to improve quality of life in a city with redesigned streets such as play streets.

Systems Thinking

Systems thinking is the ability to think through the end-to-end impacts of change to complex systems. For example, a CEO who knows how to move an entire organization with deep structural and cultural problems towards an ambitious goal.

Strategic Thinking

Strategic thinking is the ability to achieve objectives and goals in an environment of constraints and competition.
Overview: Intelligence Examples
Type
Definition
The ability to understand, create and use ideas.
Related Concepts

Intelligence

This is the complete list of articles we have written about intelligence.
Ability
Abstract Thinking
Aptitude
Artificial Intelligence
Cognitive Traits
Collective Intelligence
Crystallized Intelligence
Design Thinking
Fluid Intelligence
Flynn Effect
Intuition
Knowledge
Logic
Rational Thought
Situational Awareness
Social Intelligence
Swarm Intelligence
Systems Thinking
Talent
Thinking
More ...
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Intelligence

A guide to concepts and theories related to intelligence.

Wisdom

The different between knowledge and wisdom with examples.

Aptitude

The definition of aptitude with examples.

Intelligence Characteristics

An overview of what it means to be intelligent as a human, animal or machine.

Information

The characteristics of information with examples.

Human Capital Examples

An overview of human capital with examples.

Positive Characteristics

A unique list of positive characteristics.

Fluid Intelligence

An overview of fluid intelligence with examples.

Cognitive Traits

Lists of cognitive traits, strengths and skills.

Thinking

An overview of thinking with examples.

Systems Theory

The definition of systems theory with examples.

Optimism

The definition of optimism with examples.

Abstract Nouns

The definition of abstract noun with examples.

Ideas

The definition of idea with examples.

Concepts

The definition of concept with examples.

Generalization

The definition of generalization with examples.

Thinking Examples

Examples of different types of thinking.

Logical Thinking

The definition of logical thinking with examples.
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