A contingency plan is a plan to recover from a risk should it occur. A risk that has occurred is known as an issue, or in the case of a severe risk, a disaster. Historically, contingency plans were mostly developed for high impact risks with potential to completely disrupt the normal operations of a nation, city or organization. Modern risk management practices also plan contingencies for relatively minor risks. The following are illustrative examples of a contingency plan.
EventThe organizers of an industry conference identify major risks that could derail the event with a contingency plan that includes a risk response and preparation steps.
OperationsA manufacturing team identifies risks to their monthly production targets with a contingency plan for each risk. The contingency plan includes an estimate of risk probability.
Business ContinuityBusiness continuity is the process of continuing business operations in the event of disasters and other high impact issues. In this case, a continuity plan may be structured by scenario as opposed to the risks that can trigger such scenarios. It is also common to include an analysis of impact for each risk.
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