Reflective ListeningA weak form of active listening that involves summarizing or restating what has been said. Often confused with active listening.
Critical ListeningAn approach to active listening that involves analysis and evaluation of what is being said.
Empathic ListeningAnother approach to active listening that involves interpreting the emotions behind what is said as opposed to the logical meaning of words.
Communicative ListeningPaying attention to what you are communicating as a listener with your verbal and non-verbal responses. For example, taking care to look like you are listening, even if you are not.
Active Non-ListeningActively refusing to listen as a strategy such as sidelining. Active non-listening may also be motivated by a sense that speech is polluting your thought processes. For example, listening to someone who is steeped in negativity such that it is bringing you down.
FilteringSeeking useful information in a long stream of speech. For example, listening for information that applies to you in a conversation that mostly doesn't apply to you.
MinimizationSeeking just enough information to understand the basic context and topic such that you might be able to respond if prompted.
TargetingSeeking specific information in a long stream of speech. For example, a student who is only listening for the teacher to declare that it is lunch time.
Cognitive MultitaskingAttempting to listen and think about something else at the same time. This is often described as "drifting off" when someone is talking.
Appreciative ListeningListening because you genuinely find a speaker or conversation interesting. For example, listening intently to a good story.
ComprehensionIt is often said that listening is a skill. This is particularly true when listening to a second language or language that is unfamiliar such as industry or academic jargon. When you are immersed in a second language listening requires far more attention as it is easy to misunderstand. This can make high order listening such as critical listening more difficult as you are more focused on comprehension.
The processing of verbal communication.
The processing of verbal communication and associated non-verbal communication and emotion.