Executive branch of government
Roles & responsibilities
Scores and ratings
Decision making authority
Automation and technology
Subsidies and distribution of government money
AuthorityA system of roles whereby individuals hold the authority to direct resources and make decisions.
GovernanceOversight bodies that are accountable for the performance and behavior of an organization.
ManagementIndividuals who are accountable and responsible for the strategy, decisions and operations of an organization.
Chain of CommandA hierarchy whereby employees carry out orders based on the commands of individuals with authority.
CommunicationsCommunication channels such as meetings and a system of corporate email that is used to direct and control an organization.
Information TechnologyInformation technologies that are used to implement systems of internal control.
Segregation Of DutiesA system of checks and balances whereby no single person has too much power. For example, a system of multiple validations and approvals for payments to partners.
PrinciplesGuidelines that are adopted by an organization to direct strategy and decision making.
ProcessesWork that follows a predefined series of steps each with predefined procedures. For example, a budget approval process that requires steps of due diligence before a budget can be approved or funds released.
MeasurementSystems of measurement that allow governance bodies and management to monitor an organization.
StandardsRules, norms and models that are adopted by an organization to guide outputs.
Performance ManagementA system of goal setting, monitoring, evaluation and feedback to reward employees who meet expectations and discipline those who don't.
Audit TrailRecording data so that strategy, decisions, transactions and events can be reconstructed in future.
AuditsAn independent review of an organization.
|Overview: Power Structures|
Systems that are used to exert control over a government, organization or resource.