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6 Types of Production Process

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A production process is a series of steps that creates a product or service. The following are common types of production process.

Job Production

The process of creating a single item. Typically applies to unique items or things that have low demand. For example, a machine shop that produces an industrial part ordered by a customer.

Batch Production

Producing a number of items together as a batch. For example, 1200 pastries that move through 6 steps together with each step bringing them closer to being a finished product.

Mass Production

Mass production is the continuous production of items. This involves a series of workstations that can all be in use at the same time. For example, a guitar factory that has 12 workstations that continuously has one guitar at each station at a different stage of production. When one guitar is beginning production, another is finishing. This type of production allows for great scale. For example, a production line that completes a new guitar every 20 seconds outputs 9600 guitars in an 8 hour shift.

Mass Customization

A mass production line that produces unique items to customer specifications. This requires advanced technology that orchestrates a unique process for each item. For example, a production line that produces shirts that are each different based on customer measurements and preferences.

Craft Production

Craft production is production that doesn't use automation. For example, a bespoke suit tailored by a tailor.

Service Production

Delivery of a service is often referred to as production. For example, the operational processes that are required for a bank to offer 24/7 bank machines such as customer service, technical support and security monitoring.
Overview: Production Process
A series of steps that creates a product or service.
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