Program controls are processes, procedures, reports, checks, audits and systems that are put in place to manage programs. Controls are systematic practices that can be consistently applied. They compliment the leadership aspects of program management that are more dynamic and people-focused. The following are common types of program control.
EstimatesValidating project estimates with techniques such as reference class forecasting.Financial controls such as a segregation of duties between project accounting and reconciliation processes.
Earned Value ManagementMeasuring project performance and progress.
Schedule AnalysisMeasuring project performance and progress in terms of time. Identifying and treating risks.
Health & SafetyHealth & safety controls such as human error prevention programs.Procurement processes and segregation of duties in handling requisition, purchase orders and invoices.
Vendor management such as a regular evaluation of vendor performance.Processes and systems for document control.Performance management processes for project teams including project managers.
Project GovernanceOversight of project management processes and assurance that methodologies and standards are applied appropriately.
ImprovementProcesses for learning from issues and developing capabilities and knowledge to improve.
IntegrationIdentifying and managing cross-project dependencies.
MetricsMeasuring and reporting program and project metrics to give program stakeholders visibility.
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