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18 Types of Standards

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A standard is a requirement, specification, guideline, vocabulary or method that can be used to improve value, compatibility and consistency. Standards are commonly adopted by a nation, region, city, organization or team. It is also common for standards to be adopted at the international level by multiple nations. The following are common examples of standards.

Industry Standards

Industry standards for processes, products, services, practices and integration. For example, specifications for standard freight containers that provide compatibility across regions and modes of transportation.

National Standards

Standards that are enforced or offered as a reference by a nation. For example, standards for a nation's electricity infrastructure. Standards are necessary for an advanced economy to coordinate the outputs of many firms and government departments. In some cases, national standards act as a trade barrier because they may require foreign suppliers to offer specialized products and services for your market.

International Standards

Standards that are adopted by many nations. These are essential to economic efficiency, development, growth and quality of life on a global basis. For example, standards for financial exchange between banks that underpin the global economy.

Quality Standards

A broad category of standards for ensuring that processes, products and services conform to specifications. At the top level, quality standards provide a system for managing quality against which an organization can be certified. For example, the International Organization for Standardization 9000:2000 series and the Capability Maturity Model Integration series of standards.

Professional Standards

Standards that can be used to guide a profession such as project management standards that outline processes, practices and a common vocabulary. In many cases, a professional can be certified against a standard based on their career and satisfactory completion of training and/or testing.

Trading Standards

Standards for consumer protection such as a cooling-off period that allows a purchaser to return goods for any reason for a full refund for a certain amount of time. Trading standards may be enforced by a government or adopted on a voluntary basis by an industry or firm.

Employment Standards

It is common to refer to employment regulations as standards. Such laws typically govern working conditions, recruiting practices, minimum wage, work hours, overtime pay, vacation, public holidays, employee records and other employment practices.

Building Code

Standard rules and specifications for the design and construction of buildings and other structures. Typically enacted as law at the national, regional and/or city level.

Safety Standards

Requirements for the safety of products, services and processes. For example, a toy safety standard that outlines design, testing and labeling requirements to prevent dangerous toys from being sold.

Food Standards

Standards related to food safety and health such as requirements for labeling food products.

Environmental Standards

Standards for environmental stewardship. These can be laws or adopted by an industry or firm on a voluntary basis. For example, a standard for filtering particulate matter from exhaust fumes to improve air quality.

Transportation Standards

Transportation related standards such as specifications for rail track.

Technical Standards

A broad category of standards that establish norms, vocabularies, principles, practices, requirements and specifications for designing, building, operating and maintaining technology. This includes standards for information technology, devices, equipment, machines and infrastructure.

Data Standards

Standards for representing, recording, tracking, exchanging, interpreting, auditing and securing data. For example, a series of specifications for encrypting data in storage.

Information Standards

Information is data that is meant to be understood by people. Information standards include methods and systems for organizing, representing, sharing and interpreting information. For example, the International Standard Book Number (ISBN) system for giving every book a unique number.

Accounting Standards

Standards for the measurement, interpretation, processing, calculation and communication of financial information such as Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).

Medical Standards

Standards for medical devices, practices and medicines. For example, the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines outlines current medications that are considered effective, safe and important to a health system.

Health Standards

Health standards such as a specification of air quality levels that are considered safe to dangerous.
Overview: Standards
A requirement, specification, guideline, vocabulary or method that can be used to improve value, compatibility and consistency.
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This is the complete list of articles we have written about quality.
Conformance Quality
Cost Of Poor Quality
Credence Quality
Critical To Customer
Critical To Quality
Customer Satisfaction
Data Quality
Defect Density
Defect Rate
Defensive Design
Design Quality
Document Quality
Ease Of Use
Experience Quality
Figure Of Merit
Fit For Purpose
Information Quality
Non-Functional Testing
Operational Testing
Perceived Value
Planned Obsolescence
Product Quality
Quality Assurance
Quality Control
Quality Culture
Quality Examples
Quality Improvement
Quality Management
Quality Metrics
Quality Objectives
Quality Of Life
Quality Policy
Quality Requirements
Quality Testing
Recovery Paradox
Regression Testing
Reliability Engineering
Service Quality
Types of Quality
Acceptance Testing
Work Quality
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