Individualism is any philosophy or approach that values the agency, moral worth, freedom, self-reliance and independence of the individual. This can be viewed in opposition to collectivism, that values the group over the self. The following are common types of individualism.
The belief that people have the power to define their life such that they aren't victims of circumstance, society, history or culture.
Self-RelianceReliance on your own powers and resources.
IndependenceFreedom from the control of others.
EntitlementThe idea that society owes you something without you owing anything in return.The power and right to do what you want without hindrance or restraint.
RightsPrinciples of freedom or entitlement that are due an individual. For example, freedom of speech and the right to an education.
Self-FulfillmentThe idea that it is up to the individual to decide what makes their life meaningful and pursue that without restraint.
AnarchismThe belief in a stateless society such that authority is widely distributed.
ExistentialismA philosophy or approach that emphasizes the individual pursuit of self-fulfillment in the face of an apparently absurd and meaningless universe.A competitive system that evaluates each individual according to their demonstrated merits and potential without regard to their identity, beliefs or group membership.
LiberalismA political and moral philosophy that values the freedom and equality of the individual.
HedonismThe belief that pleasure is the only good and pain the only bad.
LibertinismThe belief that the individual is free to act without moral restraint.
Ethical EgoismThe belief that people can be moral by acting exclusively in their own interests.
FreethoughtThe view that the individual should be fearless in questioning authority, accepted facts and belief.
HumanismThe view that meaning should be explained in human terms as opposed to the divine or supernatural.
The view that there are facts and meaning to be found in the universe that can be discovered with human perception, thought, inquiry, experimentation and measurement.
RelativismThe belief that there is no objective reality such as facts but that reality is defined exclusively in terms of each individual's experience.Postmodernism has a strange relationship to individualism. It embraces relativism such that all reality is defined by every individual but also tends to depreciate personal agency such that individuals are viewed as helpless victims of society, systems, history, culture, competition and psychological problems.
A sense of culturelessness and complete disconnection from society, community and others in general.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about philosophy.
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