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15 Examples of Enterprise Risk Management

 , June 08, 2019
Enterprise risk management is the identification and management of potential losses at the level of an organization. This can be contrasted with risk management at the level of a business unit, team or project. The following are illustrative examples of enterprise risk management.


Enterprise risk management frameworks often speak of risk as an opportunity. This leads to much confusion as people perceive risk as a negative thing and risk management is indeed about avoiding losses. The inclusion of opportunity as a goal of risk management is to make it clear that it is not an exercise in minimizing risk. Risk taking is the foundation of every business and risk management is designed to make risk taking more efficient. For example, an organization that mitigates risks can often take on more opportunities at the same level of risk exposure. This typically increases revenue.


Risk management is often a compliance function that is required as a basic element of corporate governance. Some organizations treat risk management as administrative overhead that doesn't add much value. Others treat it as an opportunity to take better managed risks as a fundamental tool of revenue optimization.


Managing risk at the level of an organization requires significant authority. This typically falls under an executive role such as Chief Risk Officer reporting directly to the CEO.

Risk Identification

Risk identification is the process of identifying risks to an organization and its objectives.

Risk Analysis

Risk analysis is the practice of assessing risk probability, impact and identifying risk treatments and responses.

Risk Inventory

A tool for tracking identified risks throughout their lifecycle.

Risk Treatment

Each identified risk is treated with some combination of acceptance, avoidance, transfer, reduction and sharing.

Risk Response

A risk response is a plan for dealing with a risk that is realized to become a loss or issue. This can be contrasted with risk treatment that is about avoiding losses before they occur. Note: several enterprise risk management frameworks confusingly use the term "risk response" in place of risk treatment. Whatever the terminology, there are two fundamental types of plan for dealing with risk: preventive and corrective.

Risk Control

Implementing the internal controls required to achieve risk treatment and risk response plans.

Risk Monitoring

Monitoring risk and risk controls.

Risk Measurement

Measuring risk metrics such as risk exposure.

Risk Appetite

Developing targets for risk measurements, particularly a risk exposure target known as risk appetite.

Risk Communication

Communicating risk monitoring and measurement to stakeholders. Risk communication also includes the risk register and any documentation related to risk analysis.

Risk Integration

Integrating risk measures into the reporting and measurement tools that are used to manage an organization and business units.


Resilience is a class of strategy that reduces or avoids a large number of risks. This can be described as building a healthy business and organization that resists stresses in areas such as disasters, competition and regulation. For example, a data center business that moves closer to energy self sufficiency with solar panels. This may reduce a broad array of risks in areas such as sustainability, reputation, regulatory and operational risk.
Overview: Enterprise Risk Management
DefinitionThe identification and management of potential losses at the level of an organization.
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Risk Management

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Risk Management

An overview of the risk management process.

Business Risk Management

An overview of common business risk management techniques.

Disaster Preparedness

The definition of disaster preparedness with examples.

Risk Prevention

The definition of risk prevention with examples.

Err On The Side Of Caution

The definition of err on the side of caution with examples.

Risk Appetite

The common types of risk appetite.

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Contingency Plan

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Qualitative Risk Analysis

A definition of qualitative risk analysis with an example.

Cost Of Risk

A definition of cost of risk with examples.

Risk Perception

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Risk Exposure

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