An unknown risk is a potential loss that is completely unknown to you. It the context of risk management this includes any risk that is not identified and managed.
Unknown UnknownsAn unknown unknown is the state of being unaware that a particular type of knowledge exists. For example, an investor who is unaware of the concept of liquidity may purchase the stock of a firm with a high debt load, negative cash flow from operations, rising cost of capital and other issues that make bankruptcy possible. Such an investor is exposed to a firm's liquidity risk without knowing that such a concept exists.
Black SwansBlack swans are a class of high impact, low probability events that are difficult to predict. In some cases, low probability risks are excluded from risk management because they seem so improbable. However, events that are high impact may be a significant risk even if their probability is extremely low.
Risk Identification ShortfallRisks may simply be missed by the process of risk identification. For this reason it is common to involve all stakeholders in risk identification and to bring in subject matter experts as required. For example, an information security expert may be required to identify risks to an information technology project.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about risks.
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An overview of the risk management process.
An overview of cascading failure and resilience.
An overview of business as usual.
A list of techniques for reducing risk.
The difference between risk mitigation and risk reduction.
A list of common risk controls.
A definition of risk value with example calculation.
The common types of risk impact.
A definition of risk communication with examples.
Overview of the steps in a risk management process.
A list of common business risks.
The four things that can be done about risk.
A metric for measuring risk management.
The potential that you'll achieve too much of a good thing.
Any risk that people have a strong aversion too.
The definition of risk taking with examples.
A list of risk examples by type.
The two main factors in modeling a risk.
A definition of calculated risk with an example.
How to calculate relative risk with examples.
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