Financial RiskFinancial risk is a broad category of risks that stem from the financial health, position and sustainability of a firm. For example, the risk that a firm with a large debt will fail to come up with enough liquidity to make a debt payment. Missing a debt payment can trigger a series of events that cause a firm to completely fail as creditors lose confidence in the firm and compete to pull their funding from the firm as quickly as possible.
Competitive RiskCompetitive risk is the risk that a firm will fall behind the competition in their industry such that revenue declines. For example, the risk that a shoe company will launch an entire line of shoes that consumers view as unattractive.
Operational RiskOperational risk is the potential for the core revenue generating processes of a firm to fail in some way. For example, a firm that has quality control issues such that they release an unsafe product. strategy of a firm such as a firm that bets on a consumer trend that doesn't materialize.
Legal RiskThe potential for a costly legal dispute or liability.
Pure RiskPure risks are risks that have only a downside such that they can be insured. This includes things like fires and disasters. For example, a fire at a factory that disrupts a firm's operations for six months.
Inherent RiskInherent risk is the risk that a firm is misrepresenting its financial or competitive position. For example, a medical firm that claims to have a revolutionary product that is in fact a fraud.
|Overview: Unsystematic Risk|
A risk that is specific to a company as opposed to the entire economy or an entire industry.