A-Z Popular Blog Society Search »
Society
 Advertisements
Related Topics
Civilization

10 Examples of Paternalism

 ,
Paternalism is the removal of a freedom with the argument that this is in an individual's best interests. This is often described as treating adults as if they were children. In fact, the word paternalism is rooted in the Latin pater meaning “father.” The following are illustrative examples of paternalism.

Soft Paternalism

Soft paternalism is the process of using warnings to influence behavior towards what a government views as the best interests of individuals. For example, a government that mandates vivid warnings on tobacco packaging regarding the many diseases that can be caused by tobacco.

Hard Paternalism

Hard paternalism takes away or limits rights and freedoms in the "best interests" of individuals. For example, the constitutional ban on the sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933 in the United States known as Prohibition.

Pure Paternalism

Pure paternalism is restriction of freedom in an individual's "best interests" where nobody is hurt beyond this person themselves. For example, forcing an individual to take a medical option that is their best option for survival while removing their rights such as personal sovereignty, informed consent or freedom of religion.

Extended Paternalism

Restriction of freedom where an action is deemed to hurt both the individual taking the action and others. This can be based on stretched arguments. For example, the stretched argument that a person harms society by eating an unhealthy item by increasing healthcare costs.

Moral Paternalism

Paternalism driven by moral rules of right and wrong. For example, censoring a film or video game based on the assertion that they are morally objectionable.

Nanny State

Nanny state is a term for a government that aggressively removes freedoms in the pursuit of risk reduction. Such a state may regulate lifestyle, medical and education choices in the "best interests" of citizens and residents who are assumed to be incapable of making these choices for themselves. The term nanny state is also associated with welfare states that have high taxes to support large social programs in areas such as health, education, housing and basic income. This is an analogy to a nanny who diligently cares for children.

Surveillance State

A nation that aggressively monitors its citizens using information technology. This has potential to extend paternalism into every facet of life. As an apparently absurd theoretical example, a state that monitors how well you are brushing your teeth that sends you to mandatory reeducation if you're not doing it correctly.

Sin Tax

Taxes designed to change consumer behavior in the consumer's "best interests." For example, a tax on unhealthy food and beverage products. These are usually regressive taxes that impact the poor more than the rich.

Health & Safety

A common theme of paternalism is risk reduction, particularly in the areas of health and safety. A bureaucracy tasked with reducing risks may try to drive a risk to zero whatever the cost in terms of freedom or secondary risks. For example, a city that bans surfing at a beach after a drowning. This would take away the freedom to make individual decisions about risk. It may also create secondary risks such as driving surfers to more dangerous reef breaks.

Slavery

Paternalism was historically used in attempts to justify Slavery in the United States. Before 1835, those seeking to justify slavery typically claimed it was a "necessary evil." However, as the Civil War approached the defense of slavery shifted to the ridiculous argument that removal of all rights and freedoms benefited enslaved people.

Notes

Paternalism should not be confused with regular laws that restrict a right or freedom because it harms the rights and freedoms of others. For example, a speeding law is a regular law that limits your freedom to go fast in order to protect the right of others to live and be free from harm.
Overview: Paternalism
Type
Definition
The removal of a freedom with the argument that this is in an individual's best interests.
Related Concepts

Society

This is the complete list of articles we have written about society.
Broken Windows
Centralization
Cities
Civic Duty
Civilization
Collectivism
Communism
Community
Conformity
Consumer Society
Culture
Culture Lag
Decorum
Democracy
Duty
Economic Systems
Education
Equality
Freedom
Group Harmony
Herd Behavior
Herd Mentality
Identity
Ideology
Justice
Media Freedom
Medicalization
Middle Class
Mores
Multiculturalism
Paternalism
Power Distance
Public Sector
Resilience
Responsibility
Rights
Rules
Social Capital
Social Class
Social Constructs
Social Mobility
Social Status
Society
Systems
Technocracy
Tolerance
Traditions
Upper Class
Upward Mobility
Working Class
Try our search:


If you enjoyed this page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable.
 

References

Oakes, James. ""I Own My Slaves, but They Also Own Me": Property and Paternalism in the Slave South." Reviews in American History, vol. 38 no. 4, 2010, p. 587-594.

Society

The definition of society with examples.

Herd Mentality

The definition of herd mentality with examples.

Credentialism

The definition of credentialism with examples.

Social Class Characteristics

The basic characteristics of social class.

Collectivism

The definition of collectivism with examples.

Ideology

The definition of ideology with a list of examples.

Ideology Characteristics

The common characteristics of ideologies.

Democracy

The defining characteristics of a democracy.

Political System

The definition of political system with examples.

Norms

The definition of norms with examples.

Shy vs Reserved

The difference between shy and reserved behavior explained.

Social Constructs

The definition of social construct with examples.

Broken Window Theory

The definition of broken window theory with examples.

Mores

The definition of mores with examples.

Humility

The definition of humility with examples and counter examples.

Culture Examples

A list of examples of culture.

Duty

The definition of duty with examples.

Cultural Diffusion

The definition of cultural diffusion with interesting examples.

Tolerance

The definition of tolerance with examples.
The most popular articles on Simplicable in the past day.

New Articles

Recent posts or updates on Simplicable.
Site Map