|Overview: Conjunction Fallacy|
|Definition||Falsely assuming that specific information is more likely than general information.|
|Related Concepts||Prosecutors FallacyFallaciesCognitive Biases|
What is a Conjunction Fallacy?
John Spacey, updated on April 22, 2016
The conjunction fallacy is falsely assuming that specific information is more likely than general information. It is a common cognitive tendency. For example:---Eric has a career related to finance and he intensely dislikes new technology. He longs for the old days when things were done with paper and relationships were more important. Which of the following statements is most likely?A. Eric is a bankerB. Eric is a senior bankerC. Eric is a senior banker who owns a smart phone but rarely uses it---Some people may be inclined to chose options B and C because they are collaborated by details of the story. However, option A is more probable because it is the most general.
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