Reasoning

# Deduction vs Induction

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The discipline of logic has two primary techniques of inference that are known as deduction and induction. Both are methods of drawing conclusions based on observations. That's where the similarities between these techniques end as they are essentially opposite but complimentary approaches to logic. The following are the major differences between the two:

## 1. Deduction is general-to-specific, Induction is specific-to-general

Deduction is the process of proving a theory. As such, it starts with a general theory and works to find supporting observations. Induction starts with observations and works to find a theory to explain them.

## 2. Deduction is top-down, Induction is bottom-up

Another common way to describe deduction is top-down problem solving whereas induction is described as bottom-up.

## 3. Deduction is certain, Induction is likely

Deduction is only concerned with producing logically certain conclusions. That is to say, that it is an attempt to prove a theory. Induction is open to uncertainty and often produces conclusions that are likely but unproven.

## 4. Deduction is focused, Induction is exploratory

Deduction begins with a theory and is focused on proving it. Induction is more open-ended as an exploration of theories that might explain observed phenomena.

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This is the complete list of articles we have written about thinking.
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Norms
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Reasoning
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Thinking
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Want To Believe
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## Reasoning

A few well known methods of reasoning.

## Analogical Reasoning

An overview of analogical reasoning.

## Anecdotal Evidence

The definition of anecdotal evidence with examples.

## Reason

The definition of reason with examples.

## Illogical Success

An overview of illogical success.

## Problem Solving

An overview of problem solving with examples.

## Thought Processes

A list of thinking approaches and types.

## Workaround

A definition of workaround with examples.

## Creative Thinking

A list of common creative thinking techniques.

## Problems

A list of common types of problems.

## Analysis Paralysis

The definition of analysis paralysis with examples.

## Arrow Of Time

The definition of the arrow of time with examples.

An overview of common business problems.

## Decision Framing

The definition of decision framing with examples.

## Research

The common types of research.
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## New Articles

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