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Cognitive Biases

What is a False Analogy?

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A false analogy is a type of fallacy that assumes that because things are similar in one respect that they are similar in other respects. Analogy is a powerful tool of thought that can be used to solve problems and make decisions. In most cases, analogies are heuristics that aren't completely accurate but are useful nonetheless. A false analogy is inaccurate to the point of being misleading.
Overview: False Analogy
A misleading analogy.
The stock market is just like gambling.
(stocks are generally not a zero-sum game)
The stock market is just like chess
(markets can be win-win)
Risk management is like the brakes in a car.
(risk management doesn't necessarily slow down a business, in fact it tends to improve results)
Investing in a capital intensive firm with a high cost of capital is like jumping off a cliff.
(it is possible to survive jumping off a cliff)
Related Concepts

Cognitive Biases

This is the complete list of articles we have written about cognitive biases.
Ambiguity Effect
Backfire Effect
Base Rate
Circular Reasoning
Cognitive Bias
Cognitive Dissonance
Complexity Bias
Crab Mentality
Creeping Normality
Curse Of Knowledge
Decoy Effect
Exposure Effect
False Analogy
False Hope
Fear Of Youth
Gambler's Fallacy
Golden Hammer
Halo Effect
Hindsight Bias
Negativity Bias
Optimism Bias
Peak-End Rule
Positive Bias
Sour Grapes
Survivorship Bias
Us vs Them
Victim Mentality
Wishful Thinking
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Cognitive Biases

A list of common cognitive biases explained.

Curse Of Knowledge

Why experts have trouble communicating.

Optimism Bias

An overview of optimism bias, including its surprising benefits.

Decoy Effect

A cognitive bias that is well known in marketing circles.

Biases vs Heuristics

The difference between biases and heuristics.

Information Cascade

A definition of information cascade with examples.

Functional Fixedness

A definition of functional fixedness with examples.

Boil The Frog

A definition of boil the frog, with examples.

Anecdotal Evidence

The definition of anecdotal evidence with examples.


The definition of scientism with examples.

Thought Processes

A list of thinking approaches and types.


A few logic terms explained.

Abstract Ideas

A few dangers of being too abstract.

Objective vs Subjective

The difference between objective and subjective.

Intellectual Diversity

A definition of intellectual diversity with examples.

Creative Value

The definition of creative value with examples.

Benefit Of Doubt

The definition of benefit of doubt with examples.


The definition of pessimism with examples.
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