Self PreservationThe desire to endure, survive and thrive in a world filled with risk and uncertainty.
Avoidance of Pain
Conservation of Effort
Desire for Certainty
Freedom From Fear
Freedom From Harm
Self DevelopmentThe will to improve the self. This can be described as a pursuit or desire in the following areas.
ExperienceA hunger for meaningful experiences. Arguably, this overlaps with self-development as experiences improve our abilities and represent a type of knowledge. For example, play is critical to self-development.
Embrace of Change
Embrace of Uncertainty
Self-ActualizationBeing all that you could be. This is driven by a sense of existential angst, the fear of a meaningless life or wasted potential.
Art for Art's Sake
Contributing to Things Greater Than Yourself
Living Up to Values
Pursuit of Meaning
NotesHigher level motivations often conflict with motivations for self-preservation. For example, curiosity drive or play exposes an individual to risk. Those who have mastered the basics of self-preservation move on to build personal resilience whereby they become resistant to stress and highly capable in a range of situations. Existential angst is a root motivation that creates the sense that there is more to life than simply surviving i.e. that a life can have meaning.The separation of intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation doesn't always make sense as they overlap in countless ways. For example, the drive for experience almost always has a social component that is extrinsic.
|Overview: Intrinsic Motivation|
A desire to achieve results that are entirely contained within the self.