VisionThe ability to see including color perception.
HearingThe ability to hear sound. Most humans can hear sound between 20 Hz and 20,000 Hz.
TouchThe ability to sense the physical world though physical contact with it.
Haptic PerceptionThe combination of touch + time whereby humans can understand the movement of things they are touching. For example, the ability to perceive the shaking of an aircraft in turbulence.
TasteThe ability to sense the composition of a substance with the mouth, particularly food and beverages.
SmellThe ability to sense the composition of the air with the nose. This greatly influences taste and appears to play a role in memory.
TimeThe ability to sense the passage of time and to estimate how much time has passed between events.
SelfThe sense that you exist and a general awareness of your body and mind.
Body PositionAwareness of the position of parts of the body. For example, awareness of where your legs are at a point in time as you run. This relies on senses known as the somatosensory system.
GravityAwareness of the weight of the body and the effects of gravity. This relies on senses known as the vestibular system which is part of the inner ear.
Speed, Acceleration & DirectionAwareness of the speed and acceleration of the body. For example, an individual on an uncontrolled snowboard who can sense a significant rate of acceleration. Also relies on the vestibular system.
Balance & MotionPerception of the stability of the body as it moves through space and time. This relies on multiple senses such as vision, somatosensory and vestibular systems.
TemperatureThe ability to sense the temperature of parts of your body and things that you touch. Relies on the somatosensory system.
Internal SensesThe ability to sense your organs. For example, the ability to sense that you are in need of oxygen and must breath or that you need to go to the bathroom.
PainAn unpleasant sense provided by the central nervous system that signals problems with the body.
IntuitionThe ability to sense knowledge that doesn't originate with the conscious mind. The ancient Greeks including Plato and Socrates viewed this as a connection to some type of universal presence. Modern science tends to view intuition as the product of unconscious thought, although this isn't currently well understood.
SalienceSalience is the ability to automatically perceive what might be important in a sea of sensory information. For example, a bicyclist who picks up the sound of a car behind them from a great deal of city noise.
Social PerceptionThe ability to sense social information independently of conscious thought. For example, the ability to intuitively sense emotions possibly using cues such as body language and facial expressions.
Cognition that processes sensory information.
Awareness of the self and the external world.