Construction materials are materials used to build large things such as houses, buildings, land improvements, commercial and public infrastructure. These can be broadly classified as natural or synthetic with many materials that are somewhat natural such as engineered wood that includes chemicals such as glue. Construction materials include a wide range of form factors such as dimensional lumber, boards, insulation, fasteners, tiles, panels, components, systems, plates, pipes, wires, meshes, pastes, gels and liquids. The following are common examples of construction materials.
Aggregates / Gravel
Aluminum Frames / Panels / Doors / Windows
Asphalt / Bitumen
Bricks / Burnt Clay Bricks
Bronze / Brass
Caulking / Sealants
Ceramics / Ceramic Tiles
Copper / Copper Pipes
Drywall / Gypsum
Epoxy / Resin
Foam Board / Rigid Foam Insulation
Glues / Adhesives
Laminate / Plastic Laminate
Laminated Veneer Lumber
Logs / Timber
Mineral Wool Insulation
Mud & Clay
Natural Fibers / Flax / Straw / Jute / Cotton / Palm Fibers
Oil Paints / Primers
Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
PVC / PVC Pipes
Paint / Enamel Paint / Acrylic Paint / Latex Paint / Silicate Mineral Paint
Paper / Wallpaper / Shoji
Porcelain / Porcelain Tile
Pressure Treated Wood
Silicone / Silicone Sealants
Soft Rush / Tatami Mats
Steel / Steel Beams / Steel Connections
Terrazzo / Terrazzo Tile
Upcycled Materials (e.g. glass bottles)
Vinyl Siding / Flooring / Panels
Water-based Paints / Primers
MetalsMetals and alloys commonly used in construction such as steel, stainless steel and aluminum.
Natural MaterialsMajor building materials such as wood and stone are naturally occurring materials that can be used with minimal processing and no additives.
Building StonesStones are commonly used for floors, countertops, walls, facades and paving. Gravel aggregate is also used in concrete such that stones and rock are used a great scale by the construction industry.
WoodWood is used for the frames of houses and interior elements such as floors, walls, ceilings and doors. It is also used outdoors for features such as fences. It is considered an aesthetically pleasing material that has much tradition behind it.Notes: Bamboo is technically a grass and not a wood. In addition to the list above, there are may types of engineered wood product such as plywood or oriented strand board (OSB).
Truth to MaterialsTruth to materials is the design philosophy that materials not pretend to be something they are not. For example, a plastic countertop that looks like plastic as opposed to a plastic countertop designed to look like marble.
Sustainable MaterialsSustainable materials are materials that have a low impact on the environment that are also conductive to the health and happiness of people. This is not synonymous with natural materials. In many cases, synthetics have a lower overall impact on the environment as they may have benefits such as durability, strength or energy efficiency.Next: Building Materials
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