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94 Examples of Construction Materials

 , updated on January 24, 2024
Construction materials are materials used to build large things such as houses, buildings, land improvements, commercial and public infrastructure. These can be broadly classified as natural or synthetic with many materials that are somewhat natural such as engineered wood that includes chemicals such as glue. Construction materials include a wide range of form factors such as dimensional lumber, boards, insulation, fasteners, tiles, panels, components, systems, plates, pipes, wires, meshes, pastes, gels and liquids. The following are common examples of construction materials.
Acrylic Glass
Aggregates / Gravel
Alloys
Aluminum Frames / Panels / Doors / Windows
Architectural Glass
Asphalt / Bitumen
Bamboo
Bricks / Burnt Clay Bricks
Bronze / Brass
Carbon Fiber
Carpet
Caulking / Sealants
Cellulose Insulation
Cement Board
Ceramics / Ceramic Tiles
Composite Materials
Compressed Earth
Concrete
Concrete Bricks
Copper / Copper Pipes
Cork
Drywall / Gypsum
Engineered Bamboo
Engineered Stone
Engineered Wood
Engineering Bricks
Epoxy / Resin
Fabric
Fiber Cement
Fiberboard
Fiberglass
Firebricks
Foam Board / Rigid Foam Insulation
Galvanized Steel
Glass
Glass Blocks
Glass Tile
Glues / Adhesives
Granite
Gypsum Concrete
Hardwood
Lacquer
Laminate / Plastic Laminate
Laminated Glass
Laminated Veneer Lumber
Limestone
Linoleum
Logs / Timber
Marble
Metal Foams
Mineral Wool Insulation
Mortar
Mud & Clay
Natural Fibers / Flax / Straw / Jute / Cotton / Palm Fibers
Oil Paints / Primers
Oriented Strand Board (OSB)
PVC / PVC Pipes
Paint / Enamel Paint / Acrylic Paint / Latex Paint / Silicate Mineral Paint
Paper / Wallpaper / Shoji
Plaster
Plastic
Plywood
Polycarbonate
Polyurethane
Porcelain / Porcelain Tile
Pressure Treated Wood
Quartz
Reinforced Concrete
Roofing Tiles
Rubber
Sand
Sandstone
Shellac
Silicone / Silicone Sealants
Slate
Soft Rush / Tatami Mats
Softwood
Spray Foam
Stainless Steel
Steel / Steel Beams / Steel Connections
Stone
Stucco
Synthetic Stone
Tempered Glass
Terrazzo / Terrazzo Tile
Titanium
Upcycled Materials (e.g. glass bottles)
Varnish
Vinyl Siding / Flooring / Panels
Vinyl Wallpaper
Water-based Paints / Primers
Wire Mesh
Wood
Wood Veneer

Metals

Metals and alloys commonly used in construction such as steel, stainless steel and aluminum.

Natural Materials

Major building materials such as wood and stone are naturally occurring materials that can be used with minimal processing and no additives.

Building Stones

Stones are commonly used for floors, countertops, walls, facades and paving. Gravel aggregate is also used in concrete such that stones and rock are used a great scale by the construction industry.

Wood

Wood is used for the frames of houses and interior elements such as floors, walls, ceilings and doors. It is also used outdoors for features such as fences. It is considered an aesthetically pleasing material that has much tradition behind it.
Notes: Bamboo is technically a grass and not a wood. In addition to the list above, there are may types of engineered wood product such as plywood or oriented strand board (OSB).

Truth to Materials

Truth to materials is the design philosophy that materials not pretend to be something they are not. For example, a plastic countertop that looks like plastic as opposed to a plastic countertop designed to look like marble.

Sustainable Materials

Sustainable materials are materials that have a low impact on the environment that are also conductive to the health and happiness of people. This is not synonymous with natural materials. In many cases, synthetics have a lower overall impact on the environment as they may have benefits such as durability, strength or energy efficiency.
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Building Materials
Ceramics
Composite Material
Construction Materials
Copper
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Diamonds
Gemstones
Glass
Gold
Lapis Lazuli
Material Strength
Materials
Melting Point
Metal
Mohs Scale
Natural Materials
Pearls
Physical Properties
Precious Metals
Quartz
Raw Materials
Safety Glass
Silver
Steel
Wood
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Materials

A list of common types of materials.

Construction

An overview of construction with a list of examples.

Gold Things

A list of common gold things.

Silver Things

A list of common silver things.

Wood Things

A list of things made with wood.

Metal Things

A list of things that are made with metal.

Wood Products

A list of wood products.

Mineral Products

A list of mineral products.

Found Objects

A list of common found objects.

Clear Things

A list of clear things.

Architectural Materials

An overview of architectural materials with examples.

Glass Things

A list of glass things.

Liquid Things

A list of liquid things.

Wood

An overview of the common types of wood with photos.

Bamboo Wood

A complete overview of bamboo wood.

Natural Materials

An a-z list of natural materials.

Raw Materials

A list of common raw materials.

Material Quality

An overview of materials quality with examples.

Carbon Materials

Building Materials Examples

A list of common building materials.
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