Economic ExclusionInability to secure financial resources or participate in economic processes.
An individual who can't get a mortgage based on their immigration status.
Employment ExclusionInability to secure a job.
Firms that only hire young candidates from prestigious universities.
Market ExclusionExclusion from markets as a buyer or seller.
An ecommerce seller refuses to ship to a particular zip code.
Education ExclusionInability to participate in education.
Poverty that prevents a talented student from going to university.
Physical ExclusionBeing excluded from physical access to environments and services.
A person who can't stay at a beach front hotel because it's not accessible for people with disabilities.
Social OstracismExclusion from social processes at the individual level.
A teacher asks students to self-organize into groups and one student is left out due to perceived social status.
Digital ExclusionBeing excluded from digital environments or due to access to digital tools.
A newspaper with a paywall that many people can't afford such that they are unable to access quality sources of local news.
A shop that doesn't allow people to purchase unless they use a particular type of digital payment.
DiscriminationDiscrimination against people based on their identity.
A landlord rejects an application for an apartment based on the ethnicity of the applicant.
Psychological ExclusionExclusion that affects an individual's sense of belonging and identity.
Everyone is invited to a team outing except for an employee with a disability.
OthersThe following are other types of social exclusion.
Exclusion of LGBT+ individuals
Exclusion of homeless people
Exclusion of migrants
Exclusion of people based on access to technology
Exclusion of people with criminal records
Exclusion of people with mental health issues
Exclusion of refugees
Exclusion of single parents
|Overview: Social Exclusion|
|Definition||Individuals or groups that are prevented from fully participating in society and social processes.|