Consideration of others
Expressions of gratitude
Ideas about fairness
SocialPeople in Tokyo stand on the left side of an escalator to let people pass on the right. People in Osaka stand on the right and let people pass on the left.
CulturalCultural etiquette, manners, habits and pastimes. For example, the custom of slurping noodles loudly in Japan.super culture is a culture that spans multiple societies. For example, the norms surrounding a sport or hobby such as the convention that hikers should leave nothing behind but footprints and take nothing but photographs.subculture is a relatively small self organizing group who identify with a shared experience. For example, the norm for the goths of the 1990s to wear black.
GenderGender roles such as the expectation that a gentlemen will defend and prioritize the safety of woman and children.
InstitutionsThe unspoken expectations and pastimes that evolve around an institution such as a school. For example, wearing school colors to sporting events.
IndustryIndustry norms such as truckers who signal information to each other by flashing their lights. For example, a quick flash of the lights can indicate to a passing truck that they have room to merge back into a lane.
OrganizationsNorms are component of organizational culture that include expectations, habits and rituals. For example, a norm for an employee to respond to an email inquiry within a business day or to set a auto response if they are on vacation.
TeamsTeam expectations such as a hockey team where large players are expected to protect smaller players in cases of unequal roughness.
ProfessionalProfessional norms such as teachers in a particular country who are expected not to eat or drink in the middle of a lesson.
GroupsNorms amongst formal or informally organized groups. For example, friends who are customarily late by about 10 minutes.
FamiliesFamily norms such as the expectation that nobody looks at mobile phones during a meal together.
NotesNorms respect the intelligence of the individual by not having to encode every little thing into a formal rule.Individuals may rebel against norms, particularly if they are part of a group by circumstances such as birth and don't agree with the culture and traditions that have been handed down.Norms are meant to change and it is the role of each generation to challenge existing norms.Individuals who criticize the norms of society often flock to a subculture that has equally strong norms. This indicates that norms aren't something that are necessarily contrary to individualism.
Informal understandings that govern the behaviors of a group.