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Role Of Government

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Checks And Balances

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70 Examples of the Role Of Government

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The role of government is to provide the basic systems of society such as a legal system and to deliver public services such as education. As you might expect, there are different views of this role whereby people may feel that the government should take a smaller role or expanded role in certain areas. For example, many developed nations offer universal healthcare but this is not offered in the United States where this is a political issue1. The following are examples of the role of government.
Agriculture policy
Air and water quality
Birth and death registration
Border control
Budget management
Census administration
Civil rights protection
Commerce regulation
Competition regulation
Consumer protection
Contract enforcement
Criminal justice
Culture promotion
Currency management
Diplomacy
Disaster relief
Election administration
Emergency management
Emergency services
Energy policy
Environmental protection
Financial regulations
Fiscal policy
Fishing regulation
Food and drug regulation
Forest management
Hazardous materials regulation
Health and safety standards
Historical preservation
Humanitarian aid
Immigration control
Intellectual property protection
International relations
Investor protection
Labor market regulations
Land use management
Law and order
Law enforcement
Legal system
Monetary policy
National defense
National parks
National security
Occupational health and safety
Postal services
Product and service standards
Protection of rights and freedoms
Providing and protecting public goods such as national parks
Public broadcasting
Public debt management
Public education
Public health
Public healthcare services
Public housing
Public infrastructure
Public research funding
Public safety and security
Public space
Public utility regulation
Regulation of anti-competitive practices
Small business support
Social welfare
Trade promotion
Transportation safety
Transportation systems
Treaty negotiation
Urban planning
Voting rights protection
Waste management
Wildlife conservation

Notes

The following countries offer universal healthcare: Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belgium, Brunei, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Singapore, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Arab Emirates and United Kingdom2.
There is a tradeoff between government services and taxation levels. In a state with generous public services, taxation may be more burdensome.
There can be a tradeoff between government regulations and freedom. However, regulations are also required to preserve freedom. For example, regulation of anti-competitive practices is required to preserve open competitive markets.
A government may regulate many aspects of life whereby some reduction in risk is given as a reason to curtail freedoms. This can be quite contentious.
The role of government is greatly expanded in a communist state whereby the government runs the entire economy.

Role Of Government

This is the complete list of articles we have written about role of government.
Government
Government Institutions
Public Goods
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References

1, 2. "Foreign Countries with Universal Health Care", New York State Department of Health, June 2022.

Government

The common types of government explained.

Mandate

An overview of mandate with examples.

Social Contract

An overview of the social contract with examples.

Government Institutions

An overview of government institutions with examples.

Public Goods

An overview of public goods with a list of examples.

Common Resources

An overview of common resources with examples.

Public Things

A list of public things.

Public Space Examples

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