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24 Types of Physics

 , August 28, 2019 updated on July 29, 2020
Physics is the science that deals with the basic elements of the universe such as matter, space, energy, motion and force. The following are common types of physics.


The physics of moving physical elements and objects.


The study of the motion of air.

Fluid Mechanics

The study of the motion of fluids.


The branch of physics that deals with heat and work.


The study of the universe beyond Earth. A broad field that includes many branches.


The branch of astronomy concerned with the physics and chemistry of astronomical objects such as galaxies, stars, planetary systems, planets, moons and asteroids.

Planetary Science

The study of planetary systems, planets and moons. This includes Earth and the Solar System.

Stellar Astronomy

The study of stars and stellar evolution.


The scientific study of life in the universe including its origins, early evolution and future. This also concerns the question of whether extraterrestrial life exists and what characteristics it may demonstrate.

Quantum Physics

Quantum physics, also known as quantum mechanics, is a cornerstone of theoretical physics that describes the physical properties of the universe at atomic and subatomic scale.

Particle Physics

A brand of physics that mostly deals with the smallest detectable particles and their behavior and interactions.

Atomic Physics

The study of atoms including electrons and atomic nuclei.

Nuclear Physics

The study of the atomic nuclei. Primarily concerned with nuclear power and nuclear bombs.

Molecular Physics

The science regarding the physical characteristics and movement of molecules.


The branch of physics that deals with light.


The use of physics to study biology. An interdisciplinary science.


The branch of biophysics concerned with the nervous system.

Chemical Physics

The study of chemistry from the point of view of physics.


The study of geology from the perspective of physics including elements such as the Earth's shape, gravity, magnetic fields, internal structure, volcanism and plate tectonics.

Atmospheric Physics

The application of physics to the atmosphere of Earth. Closely related to meteorology and climatology.

Computational Physics

The computational science that solves problems in physics with computing techniques such as algorithms.

Mathematical Physics

The application of mathematics to problems in physics.

Materials Physics

The physics component of the interdisciplinary field of materials science that looks at the properties of materials.

Applied Physics

The application of theoretical physics to solve problems and develop know-how.
Overview: Physics
DefinitionThe science that deals with the basic elements of the universe such as matter, space, energy, motion and force.
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