John Spacey, updated on July 20, 2018
An experiment is a procedure that is designed to systematically test a hypothesis, competing hypotheses or a what-if scenario. Experiments seek to determine cause-and-effect by introducing changes to independent variables to measure corresponding change to dependent variables. Ideally, any other variables that can influence the experiment are controlled. The following are basic elements of an experiment.
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Full examples of an experiment design using a useful template. The common types of variables in an experiment with an example.
The basic types of experimental error with examples. The definition of independent variables with examples and comparisons. The basic types of scientific control.
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