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25 Types of Literature

 , February 10, 2021
Literature is writing or oral stories that are expressive and creative. This implies that a work is an art form and doesn't include works that are matter of fact such as a biography. The term literature is often used to differentiate between storytelling that is consider high culture from that which is considered pop culture. This line is drawn with institutional acceptance of a work. As a rule of thumb, any story that can potentially be taught in a school, is literature.
Biographical Fiction
Children's Literature
Classics
Comic Books & Manga
Crime & Detective
Drama
Epic
Fable
Fairy Tale
Fantasy
Fiction
Folklore
Graphic Novels
Historical Fiction
Horror
Humor
Legend
Mystery
Mythology
Poetry
Romance
Science Fiction
Short Story
Suspense
Thriller

Notes

Folklore includes oral traditions and often represents important cultural heritage.
A legend is folklore such as a myth that is regarded as history by a culture.
A fable is a short story that conveys a moral lesson and often includes non-human characters such as animals, plants, legendary creatures or elements of nature.
A fairy tale is folklore intended for children that is often a magical short story.
A myth is folklore that is important to a culture. For example, literature that describes the origins of a nation or people.
Poetry is high intensity literature. Typically demonstrates a distinctive style and rhythm.
An epic is a long work that continues the story of a set of characters. Originally a genre of poetry that has been extended into other areas such as fiction.
Literature can emerge from any genre of fiction. However, there is a special category of fiction known as literary fiction that fits into patterns of institutional acceptance such that it can is considered literature by default.
There is a often long lag between popular and institutional acceptance of great works, particularly in relatively new genres. For example, comic books, manga and graphic novels often demonstrate creative brilliance but are less likely to be accepted as literature. In many cases, the pop culture of today is the high culture of tomorrow.
Overview: Literature
Type
Definition (1)
Writing or oral stories that are expressive and creative.
Definition (2)
Fiction and other imaginative storytelling that is pure art that doesn't compromise for commercial gain.
Definition (3)
Creative stories that are accepted by high institutions as art.
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