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4 Examples of Intermittent Production

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Intermittent production is the common practice of using the same production line to produce different types of goods. The following are illustrative examples.

Continuous Production

A snowboard manufacturer produces a men's model of snowboard for 12 weeks on a continuous production line to build stock for the coming winter. At the end of the 12 weeks, the line is reconfigured and a women's model of board is produced for 14 weeks.

Batch Production

A bakery produces 12 batches of cookies each morning. After the cookies, machines are reconfigured and the production line is used to produce muffins.

Contract Manufacturer

A contract manufacturer produces cosmetics to customer specifications. They operate a single production line that might produce 60 different products in a month. They often do a run for a few hours, change the line and do another run.


A solar manufacturer has three factories that vary in cost efficiency. When demand is low, they shutdown the least efficient factory. When demand is high, they start the factory back up. This allows the firm to survive industry downturns that may last months or years.
Overview: Intermittent Production
Definition (1)
The common practice of using the same production line to produce different types of goods.
Definition (2)
The practice of stopping and restarting a production line in response to market conditions.
Related Concepts


Maloney, Michael T., and Robert E. McCormick. "A theory of cost and intermittent production." 1983.


This is the complete list of articles we have written about manufacturing.
Acceptance Sampling
Assembly Line
Batch Production
Cell Production
Continuous Process
Continuous Production
Craft Production
Cycle Time
Delayed Differentiation
Finished Goods
Genchi Genbutsu
Interchangeable Parts
Intermittent Production
Job Production
Job Shop
Lead Time
Light Industry
Lights Out
Make To Stock
Manufacturing Industry
Manufacturing Quality
Mass Customization
Mass Production
Process Manufacturing
Production Line
Production Process
Production Run
Quality Control
Takt Time
Target Costing
Theory Of Constraints
White Label
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A list of manufacturing examples.

Batch Production vs Mass Production

The difference between batch production and mass production.

Production Line vs Assembly Line

The difference between a production line and assembly line.

Continuous Process

A definition of continuous process with examples.

Takt Time

An overview of takt time with calculation formula and example.

Make To Stock

The definition of make to stock with examples.

Production Process

The common types of production process.

Production Run

A definition of production run with examples.

Continuous Production

A definition of continuous production with examples.

Cell Production

The definition of cell production with examples.
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