A-Z Popular Blog Ideology Search »
Ideology
 Advertisements
Authoritarianism

Critical Theory

Democracy

Society

Exceptionalism

Populism

11 Examples of Exceptionalism

 ,
Exceptionalism is the belief that a group, entity or situation is remarkable, extraordinary or superior. In some cases, this is based on cherry picking that highlights differences as important while ignoring equally important commonalities. The following are illustrative examples.

Species Exceptionalism

Highlighting one animal as being superior or more worthy of protection than other animals. For example, a cartoon that presents one species as being virtuous and another as villainous.

Human Exceptionalism

Viewing humans as above nature as opposed to part of it. Clearly humans are an intelligent and advanced species that are extraordinary. However, it is common to take this too far to make incorrect assumptions. For example, it was historically common to assume that animals have no emotions when the modern scientific evidence is overwhelming that they do†.

National Exceptionalism

National exceptionalism is the belief that a nation is extraordinary in some important way. National exceptionalism may cherry pick aspects of history or national character while downplaying commonality. In some cases, this exceptionalism is based on pure myth such as the persistent idea that Japan has one ethnicity when in fact Japan is a society with many ethnic and social minority groups and a population with heterogeneous origins††.

Corporate Narcissism

Corporate narcissism is a tendency for large well-known firms or startups that are growing quickly to develop collective narcissism whereby members of the group have an inflated opinion of their ingroup. This can cause strategic errors and poor relationships with customers, partners, regulators and investors as a corporation views itself as brilliant and outsiders as relatively unintelligent.

Personal Exceptionalism

The belief that oneself is fundamentally different from everyone else. For example, the belief that you are fundamentally stronger than everyone else such that you don't need any help. Personal exceptionalism can have both positive and negative effects. For example, it can be a source of confidence that creates talents over time if it isn't too far detached from reality.

Narcissism

Narcissism can be viewed as a type of personal exceptionalism whereby an individual has a grandiose sense of self-importance and an excessive need for admiration. This can lead to a wide range of problematic behaviors such as surrounding yourself with sycophantic followers who provide you with a supply of flattery.

Chauvinism

Chauvinism is excessive or prejudiced support for one's own ingroup or causes. For example, the belief that a particular cause that you happen to support is more important than all other problems the world may face at a particular point in time. The term chauvinism is also commonly used to describe partisanship and prejudice such as an attitude of superiority toward members of the opposite sex.

Dread Risk

A dread risk is a risk that people intensely fear such that they try to minimize it. Over-focusing on a single risk is problematic because this tends to create large secondary risks. For example, a teenager who is completely focused on a risk of social rejection while ignoring risks related to education, safety and personal development. Entire societies and organizations demonstrate this behavior whereby they may seek to minimize a dread risk at any cost while ignoring larger risks.

Medical Exceptionalism

Medical exceptionalism is an over or under prioritization of medical resources to a particular disease based on behaviors such as dread risk or virtue signalling. For example, a disease may receive more research funding based on the level of fear it generates in society.

Distant Exceptionalism

The belief that a distant society or culture is ideal based on cherry picking whereby positive attributes are highlighted. For example, it is common for American media to portray nations such as Sweden, Norway, Holland, Japan or Canada in an unrealistic light. This is often done in a lazy way with little attempt to objectively balance the positive and negative realities of these societies.

End-of-history Illusion

The tendency for every period in history to view itself as the final state of history whereby the past was irrational but finally people have woken up. For example, the belief held by each generation that historical values were invalid but that current values are finally correct. This can be viewed as time-based exceptionalism.
Overview: Exceptionalism
Type
Definition
The belief that a group, entity or situation is superior, remarkable or extraordinary.
Related Concepts

Society

This is the complete list of articles we have written about society.
Activism
Ascribed Status
Civil Society
Cooperation
Democratic Society
Economic Opportunity
Exceptionalism
Expert Culture
Family
Government
Government Spending
Happiness
History
Human Behavior
Human Rights
Industrial Complex
Information Age
Institutions
Marxism
Nation
Overprotection
Physical Env
Political Stability
Public Safety
Shared Meaning
Social Behavior
Social Change
Social Conditions
Social Conflict
Social Control
Social Identity
Social Issues
Social Justice
Social Norms
Social Problems
Social Reality
Social Rights
Social Science
Social Stability
Social Systems
Social Trust
Sociology
Structuralism
More ...
Try our search:


If you enjoyed this page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable.
 

References

† Paul, Elizabeth S., Emma J. Harding, and Michael Mendl. "Measuring emotional processes in animals: the utility of a cognitive approach." Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 29.3 (2005): 469-491.
†† Murphy-Shigematsu, Stephen. “Multiethnic Japan and the Monoethnic Myth.” MELUS, vol. 18, no. 4, 1993, pp. 63–80.

Ideology

The definition of ideology with a list of examples.

Ideology Characteristics

The common characteristics of ideologies.

Humanism

The definition of humanism with a list of characteristics and criticisms.

Postmodernism

The definition and common characteristics of postmodernism.

Critical Theory

An overview of the basic characteristics of critical theory.

Live And Let Live

The definition, origin and examples of live and let live.

Government

The common types of government explained.

Capitalist

The definition of capitalist with examples.

Socialism

An overview of the basic types of socialism.

Cognitive Biases

A list of common cognitive biases explained.

Crab Mentality

The definition of crab mentality with examples.

Halo Effect

The definition of halo effect with examples.

Character Weaknesses

A list of common character weaknesses.

Confirmation Bias

The definition of confirmation bias with examples.

Pathologizing

The definition of pathologizing with examples.

Denial

A list of common types of denial with examples.

Polite Fiction

The definition of polite fiction with examples.

False Hope

The definition of false hope with examples.

Salience

The definition of salience with examples.
The most popular articles on Simplicable in the past day.

New Articles

Recent posts or updates on Simplicable.
Site Map