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6 Types of Cash Crop

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A cash crop is a plant or animal product that is cultivated primarily for sale to the market. The term is used to differentiate from subsistence farming whereby a crop is primarily consumed by the producer's family. The following are common types of cash crop.

Traded Commodities

Commodities that are traded on a liquid global market. For example, rice, corn, wheat, cotton and coffee. Such crops have a market price that is set at the global level. Traded commodities are commonly exported.

Local Commodities

Commodities that are typically consumed in the nation or region where they are grown. This can be due to local tastes or perishability that makes global trade expensive.

Specialty Foods

Foods that have relatively low supply and demand such as truffles.

Artisanal Food

Food that is produced at unusually high quality by a particular farmer. For example, a farm that produces a unique variety of strawberry that is like no other.

Organic & Sustainable

Crops that are produced by methods that are viewed as more healthy and/or sustainable. This can command a premium value on the market.


Farms that are further up the value chain that process their crops before selling. For example, a vineyard that produces wine or grape juice.


The price set for a global commodity is typically used as a reference price as the good is actually sold at different prices based on factors such as location and quality.
Overview: Cash Crop
A plant or animal product that is cultivated primarily for sale to the market.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about farming.
Agriculture Industry
Artisanal Crops
Cash Crop
Circular Economy
Clean Label
Companion Planting
Do Nothing Farming
Economies Of Scale
Farm Robots
Fertilizer Tree
Food Economics
Food Sovereignty
Fruit Bagging
Ingredient Branding
Land Footprint
Market Price
Rainwater Harvesting
Soft Engineering
Soil Carbon
Sticky Prices
Sustainable Economics
Urban Agriculture
Waste Is Food
Water Security
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