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7 Examples of Commodities

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Commodities are goods that are more or less interchangeable. This includes goods that are physically almost identical and goods that are different but serve customer needs equally. Consumers of commodities almost always choose the cheapest item as they see no differences between suppliers. Producers of commodities have no pricing power and must accept a market price set by supply and demand. The following are basic examples of commodities.


Agricultural products such as food and beverages. Some producers are able to create a unique agricultural product that isn't a commodity such as a fine wine or artisanal food.


Materials such as wood or concrete.


Metals such as gold function both as a material and as a form of money or investment. Historically, payments were often made with commodity-based money that had intrinsic value.


Energy such as a kilowatt hour of electricity.

Global Commons

Shared essential resources such as air and water. The value of global commons may be estimated to account for pollution and resource depletion. For example, if a factory produces a widget with a value of $1 that results in $4 pollution per widget, this isn't a productive economic process.


Products that customers view as the same such that they mostly buy the cheapest item. Firms work hard to develop brand image and quality that prevent this from happening. However, many industries slowly move towards becoming a commodity with time.


Services that customers view as the same with purchase decisions based mostly on price. For example, a budget airline that can't sell many seats if they raise their price $10 above the competition on a particular route.


Individual producers and consumers typically have no influence over the price of a commodity. Both have to accept the market price. For example, it is generally impossible to buy gold at a price below the current market price.
Overview: Commodities
Goods that are viewed as interchangeable such that they sell at a market price based on supply and demand.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about goods.
Brown Goods
Business Goods
Capital Goods
Club Goods
Common Goods
Common Resources
Complementary Goods
Consumer Discretionary
Consumer Durables
Consumer Goods
Consumer Products
Consumer Staples
Digital Goods
Durable Goods
Economic Goods
Experience Goods
Fashion Goods
Final Goods
Finished Goods
Goods & Services
Inferior Good
Information Good
Intangible Goods
Intermediate Goods
Knowledge Product
Luxury Goods
Market Goods
Merit Good
Natural Resources
Necessity Goods
Perfect Substitute
Public Goods
Search Good
Social Goods
Soft Goods
Sporting Goods
Substitute Good
Superior Goods
Unsought Goods
Veblen Goods
Virtual Goods
White Goods
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The common types of goods.

Unsought Product

An overview of unsought products.

Durable Products

The definition of durable product with examples.


A few examples of what is meant by FMCG.

Experience Goods

The definition of experience good with examples.

Search Good

The definition of search good with examples.

Digital Goods

The definition of digital goods with examples.

Examples of Superior Goods

The definition of superior goods with examples.

Economic Bad

Common examples of an economic bad.

Relative Advantage

A definition of relative advantage with examples.

Product Positioning

A list of common types of product positioning.

Cost Leadership Definition

An overview of cost leadership.

Economic Goods

The common types of economic good with examples of each.

Product Market

An overview of product markets with examples.

White Goods

The definition of white goods with examples.
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