Primary industry is the sector of the economy that extracts and processes natural resources. This can be compared to secondary industry that turns natural resources into finished products such as manufacturing and construction businesses. The following are the basic types of primary industry.
MiningMining is the extraction and processing of valuable materials from the earth such as minerals, metals, gemstones, rock, salt and clay.
ForestryForestry is the practice of managing, harvesting and conserving forests and woodlands.Growing crops or raising animals for food and raw materials. An estimated 1 billion people are employed in agriculture.
FishingCatching aquatic animals such as fish, molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans and echinoderms. The term fishing is not used for the capture of aquatic mammals or the raising of fish in a fish farm. Fishing and aquaculture employs up to 500 million people directly and indirectly on a global basis.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about industries.
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ReferencesLabour - Over 1 billion people are employed in world agriculture, FAO Rural Infrastructure and Agro-industries Division, 2011.Fisheries and Aquaculture in our Changing Climate Policy brief of the FAO for the UNFCCC COP-15 in Copenhagen, December 2009.
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