Anchor institutionsLarge institutions that greatly contribute to the local economy such as a university that creates jobs, quality of life and a pool of talent.
Business clustersA tendency for an industry to center in one area.
Capital flightThe outflow of capital, firms and institutions from a place due to factors such as political instability, excessive taxation, regulations or low quality of life.
Creative economyAn economic base of creative industries such as film studios.
Cultural industriesHighly desirable economic activity based on culture such as a theatre district or art museum.
Diseconomies of agglomerationInefficiencies of dense urban environments such as traffic jams.
Economic base theoryThe idea that a city can thrive based on one large industry.
Economics of crimeThe study of how crime rates influence urban economics.
Economies of agglomerationThe efficiencies of dense urban environments such as proximity to the things that you need and access to large markets.
Economies of densityThings are more efficient when they are relatively close together. For example, it may be possible to make deliveries far faster in a city as distribution centers can be close to customers.
Economies of scaleCites allow businesses to access large markets and scale their business with ample labor.
Economies of scopeThe efficiencies gained with variety. For example, a downtown shopping district where you can buy a great variety of goods within a single trip.
Foreign direct investmentAttracting capital into a city on a global basis. Tends to make a city thrive but may displace locals.
GentrificationA neighborhood that becomes popular resulting in an influx of wealth and investment and increasing costs for existing residents who may be forced out.
Global cityA city that attracts institutions, investment and the headquarters of large firms on a global basis.
Happiness economicsThe prediction that a high quality of life creates a thriving local economy and not the other way around.
Knowledge economyAn economic base related to knowledge work such as software development or finance.
Livable citiesThe self-reported life satisfaction of the residents of a city. Helps institutions and organizations to attract top talent.
Public infrastructure developmentEfficiencies to business and improvements to quality of life based on hard infrastructure such as bridges and soft infrastructure such as schools.
Sustainable urban developmentThe pursuit of win-win economic development that both improves the local economy and its livability. This could be contrasted with sacrificing things such as air quality in return for more jobs.
Transit-oriented developmentThe theory that transportation shapes a city and it's economy.