|Overview: Backfire Effect|
Increasing commitment to an opinion after discovering evidence that it is wrong.
What is the Backfire Effect?
John Spacey, updated on April 22, 2017
The backfire effect is when a person hardens an opinion after encountering evidence that suggests the opinion is wrong. It is associated with cognitive dissonance, a sense of stress that can occur when dealing with inconsistencies. The backfire effect is a cognitive bias that generally results in suboptimal thought processes such as poor decisions.
Cognitive BiasesThis is the complete list of articles we have written about cognitive biases.
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A list of common cognitive biases explained.
Why experts have trouble communicating.
An overview of optimism bias, including its surprising benefits.
A cognitive bias that is well known in marketing circles.
The difference between biases and heuristics.
A definition of information cascade with examples.
A definition of functional fixedness with examples.
A definition of boil the frog, with examples.
The definition of anecdotal evidence with examples.
The definition of scientism with examples.A list of thinking approaches and types. A few logic terms explained.
A few dangers of being too abstract.
The difference between objective and subjective.A definition of intellectual diversity with examples. The definition of creative value with examples.
The definition of benefit of doubt with examples.
The definition of pessimism with examples.
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