CooperationAt its core, collectivism is cooperation by large groups to solve common problems. This sounds like a good thing and perhaps this is true. However, there are complexities to how collectivism is expressed in the real world that can have negatives.
Rights & FreedomsCollectivism can be contrasted with individualism that prioritizes rights and freedoms over the needs of the group. In a collectivist system, rights and freedoms come second to the needs of the group.
SolidaritySolidarity is the capacity of a group to work together to solve common problems. This is a basis for collectivism.
Social AnxietySocial anxiety is the degree to which individuals worry what others think. Generally speaking, individualists aren't as concerned with the perceptions of the group where collectivists may intensely care how they are perceived.
MediocrityMediocrity is an uninspiring state where an individual seeks only comfort, safety, security, sustenance and entertainment. The mediocre cling to the safety of the group and don't care what happens as long as these basic needs are met. They are inherently non-individualistic and seek to stop others from being individualistic. This is possibly driven by a fear of missing out. character trait or behavior where an individual aggressively enforces the rules of an authority in order to establish social dominance over others. These individuals prefer collectivist systems and help to implement them as self-appointed enforcers of rules.
HarmonyA prioritization of group harmony whereby creative tension is suppressed in favor of a feel-good environment where nobody disagrees.
Collective NarcissismIn a collectivist environment, individuals strong identify with the group and are proud of its accomplishments. In some cases, this becomes excessive such that individuals can't see the faults of the group or inaccurately imagine the group is far superior to other groups. Collective narcissism can result in failures as the group continually overestimates itself.
NormsNorms are unspoken rules and expectations of culture that are enforced with social processes. For example, the norm that its rude to sneeze on someone. Norms respect the intelligence of the individual by not making rules formal and enforceable by the government. Collectivist societies tend to have a lot of norms to fill in the gap wherever the government isn't regulating things. Individualism may also use norms as a way of getting along without need of government involvement in every aspect of life.
Taxes & RegulationsIn a collectivism system, individuals sacrifice for the group such that taxes are high and business regulations are intensive.
Social Safety NetCollectivist societies may offer services that are critical to quality of life such as education, healthcare and housing to all members of the group for no cost. Alternatively, these services may have a cost but members of the group may be effectively guaranteed a job to pay for these things.
PaternalismPaternalism is a culture or system where the leaders of a group view members of the group much like children who can't make their own decisions and need protection from themselves. Paternalism calls for rules to govern every aspect of life.
CriminalizationCriminalization is the process by which a human behavior becomes illegal. In some cases, a paternalistic society criminalizes a number of common behaviors such that a high percentage of people are technically or officially criminals.
CommunismCommunism is an extreme form of collectivism whereby the government takes over control of all capital such that it completely controls the economy. Historically, this has been disastrously inefficient as compared to a decentralized model of competition and markets. Entrepreneurs tend to be better at creating value than a bureaucratic elite due to issues of entitlement, mediocrity and groupthink.
NotesIn practice, all societies demonstrate some degree of collectivism and some degree of individualism. How strongly each of these is expressed is a defining characteristic of each society.
The prioritization of the group over the individual.
The subjugation of individuals by a group.