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7 Types of Physical Fitness

 , July 12, 2020 updated on May 30, 2022
Physical fitness is a state of health and well-being that results from physical activity such as sports and exercise. Regular moderate physical activity has a number of beneficial effects on the body such that it reduces a number of health risks. Physical fitness can also be an element of self-fulfillment whereby it builds a sense of accomplishment and happiness. The following are common types of physical fitness.

Cardiorespiratory Endurance

Cardiorespiratory endurance, also known as cardio, is the ability of the body to supply oxygen and energy for an extended period of physical activity. This is mostly a function of the heart, blood vessels and lungs. It is also influenced by body mass. For example, the ability to jog for an extended period of time without feeling out of breath.

Muscular Endurance

The ability to work a muscle group for an extended period of time such as cycling for many miles without experiencing sore muscles and decreasing strength. This is specific to a muscle group such that it is possible to have high endurance for one muscular activity and low endurance for another. For example, a weight lifter who only works on their arms such that they have low endurance for sit-ups.

Muscular Strength

The amount of force a muscle group can produce. The ability to lift weights is the most obvious example.


Flexibility or limberness is the range of movement that you can achieve with your joints and muscles. A number of physical activities may improve flexibility such as stretching, yoga, gymnastics and dance.

Body Composition

Body composition is the proportion of fat to non-fat mass in your body. Physical activity burns energy and can also increase your metabolic rate such that it can reduce overall mass and the percentage of mass that is fat. If you are a healthy weight, this has numerous health benefits and will tend to improve your physical performance such as jogging endurance.


The ability to perform movements quickly. For example, a runner who improves their 400 meter time with practice.

Physical Intelligence

Physical intelligence, also known as kinesthetic intelligence, is the ability to use your body with accuracy and precision. This is improved with some types of physical activity, particularly sports. For example:


Physical activity can also build character. For example, an endurance sport that builds personal resilience.
Overview: Physical Fitness
A state of health and well-being that results from physical activity such as sports and exercise.
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Physical Fitness

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