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14 Examples of Fair Competition

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Fair competition is open and equitable competition between businesses. Competition is a fundamental economic force that drives improvement to prices, quality and customer experience. Competition is also the fundamental reason that business is difficult. As such, firms often try to reduce competition with behavior that a society may deem as unacceptable. The following are illustrative examples of fair competition.

Open Bidding

A government that procures goods and services using an open process of bidding whereby the most attractive bid is selected. This can be compared with an anti-competitive practice such as a politician who gives contracts to her friends.

Price Competition

Firms that set prices independently such that the firm that sets the lowest price may receive more business. This can be compared with the anti-competitive practice of price fixing whereby firms agree amongst each other to maintain high prices.

Consumer Protection

A system that sets a basic level of quality and terms that all firms must offer customers. For example, a food inspection agency that enforces food safety standards. This can be contrasted with a system where firms are free to mislead customers.

Free Market

A system where anyone can start a business and the government doesn't step in to favor one business or industry over others. This can be contrasted with government intervention in the economy such as bailing out a firm that is in financial distress. This can harm the competitors of the firm or future competitors who would grow to takeover the failed firm's market.

Trade Compliance

Nations that comply to the terms of the trade agreements they have signed. This can be contrasted with nations that impose non-tarrif barriers to trade such as bureaucratic regulations and delays that are imposed on a trading partner.

Fair Practices

Fair trading practices such as a firm that offers services to its competition as if they were any other customer. This can be contrasted with anti-competitive practices such as refusal to deal whereby a dominant firm damages the competition by refusing them access to essential services. For example, a telecom company that owns television stations that refuses to provide a competing television station with an internet connection.

Independent Products

Offering customers a flexible menu of products and services without tying one product to another. Practices such as requiring a mobile phone user to use services offered by the manufacturer can be viewed as anti-competitive.

Profitable Prices

Generally speaking, prices set by a firm should be designed to make a profit. Setting prices too low may be viewed as predatory pricing whereby a large firm is able to bankrupt smaller competitors by setting unprofitable prices. With the competition gone, the large firm is then free to raise prices extremely high.

Acquisitions & Improvement

Generally speaking, a merger or acquisition should be designed to improve a business. A merger or acquisition that is simply designed to remove the competition may be considered anti-competitive.

Strategy Independence

It can be viewed as anti-competitive for firms to meet and coordinate their strategies. As an example, consider a nation that has two large milk companies. If they meet to divide the country into regions such that each firm has a monopoly everywhere it operates, this would typically be considered an anti-competitive practice.

Fair Terms

Fair terms in your agreements with partners and customers. For example, a term that prohibits customers from buying anything from a competitor might be viewed as anti-competitive. Likewise, exclusivity terms with a partner that prevent them from offering products and services to your competition may be considered anti-competitive.

Labor Rights

Allowing your employees to quit their job and work where they want as long as they don't give out your secrets to a competitor. Overly restrictive employment contracts or intimidation of employees who quit may be viewed as an anti-competitive.

Exemptions to Regulations

Exemptions to regulations for small firms can improve competition by reducing barriers to entry in an industry. Regulations tend to impact small firms far more than large firms as they have limited resources. For example, small firms may be exempt from requirements to produce employer compliance reports. In some cases, they may also be exempt from certain forms of taxation that represent an administrative burden.


A firm that grows to dominate a product category may be considered a monopoly that inhibits healthy competition as the firm has little incentive to improve quality, prices, customer service or terms. Such a firm can reduce this perception by spinning off elements of its business into independent entities. For example, a telecom company that controls much of a nation's IT infrastructure could break itself into regional entities. In some cases, governments force monopolies to break apart into smaller firms.
Overview: Fair Competition
Open and equitable competition between businesses.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about competition.
Captive Market
Competitive Environment
Competitive Factors
Competitive Parity
Competitive Pressure
Competitive Threat
Cost Competition
Fair Competition
Greed Is Good
Imperfect Competition
Market Change
Market Economy
Outrun The Bear
Perfect Competition
Substitute Good
More ...
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A list of ways to compete in a crowded market.


A market with one buyer and many sellers.


The definition of monopoly with examples.

Cost Competition

The definition of cost competition with examples.

Threat Of Substitutes

The definition of a threat of substitutes with examples.

Perfect Substitutes

The definition of perfect substitute with examples.

Competitive Differentiation

An overview of competitive differentiation with examples.

Imperfect Competition

The definition of imperfect competition with examples.

Captive Market

The definition of captive market with examples.


A few basic examples of compliance.

Fiduciary Duty

An overview of fiduciary duty.

Conflict Of Interest

A few examples of conflict of interest.

Independent Knowledge

A definition of independent knowledge with an example.

Segregation Of Duties

A definition of segregation of duties with examples.

Internal Controls

A definition of internal controls with examples.

Conformance vs Compliance

The difference between conformance and compliance.

Administrative Burden

A definition of administrative burden with examples.

Insider Information

The definition of insider information with examples.
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