| John Spacey, February 07, 2016 updated on October 28, 2017
Motivation is the will to do things. It is associated with enthusiasm, ambition, initiative, determination and resilience. The following are common types of motivation.
Art For Art's Sake The idea that art is its own reward that requires no other motivation.
AvoidanceThe avoidance of negative stimuli such as pain.
Cognitive Dissonance A desire to achieve internal consistency. For example, a desire for actions to be consistent with an individual's beliefs.
Convenience And Comfort At the most primitive level, organisms have the motivation to conserve their energy. This may translate into modern human motivations such as a desire for convenience and comfort.
DesiresCommonly cited desires that affect motivation include eating, acceptance, curiosity, family, honor, independence, order, physical activity, power, romance, social contact, status, tranquility and vengeance.
DrivesThe theory that the desire to achieve goals or satisfy needs builds over time until that goal or need is satisfied and the cycle resets.
ERG TheoryThe theory that motivation is primarily related to existence, relatedness and growth.
ExpectationsThe observation that motivation is often impacted by expectations. For example, if you expect that if you work hard that you will receive a large bonus you may be more motivated than if you have low expectations.
Extrinsic Motivation Motivation driven by external rewards such as money, status and praise.
Fear Of Missing Out A fear of missed opportunities such as a sense that life is passing you by.
Hygiene Factors Hygiene factors are basic expectations that don't increase motivation but dramatically decrease motivation if they are not met.
IkigaiA Japanese concept of motivation that is often translated "a reason for being." The idea is associated with self-directed goals that act as a person's primary motivation on a long term basis.
Intrinsic Motivation Behavior that is intrinsically rewarding. For example, studying a topic out of a desire to master it as opposed to being motivated by grades.
Locus Of Control Locus of control is the extent to which an individual feels they control the events that surround their life. It is known to be a factor in motivation.
NeedsNeeds are a basic type of motivation that include physiological requirements, safety, love, belonging, esteem, self-actualization and self-transcendence as per Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.
PullBehaviors that an individual feels pulled towards.
PushBehaviors that an individual pushes themselves to do. For example, a student may push to study all night before an exam.
Rational Motivation Doing what seems most rational.
ReactanceThe motivation to resist commands, rules and actions that are perceived as a violation of personal freedoms.
Rewarding Stimuli Motivation driven by the brain's reward system such as a desire to eat sugary foods.
Self Determination The will to self define your existence as opposed to being shaped by external pressures.
Self Efficacy The level of confidence that an individual has in their abilities is a strong factor in motivation.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about motivation.
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