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18 Types of Integration

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Integration is the practice of combining different parts of a business so that they work together. This includes integration of technology, information, processes, departments or entire organizations. Integration tends to be amongst the most complex and risky aspects of projects, organizational changes, mergers and acquisitions. The following are a few common types of integration.

Organizational Integration

The integration of two businesses after a merger or acquisition. Also applies to integration of departments due to organizational structure changes such as a reorganization.

Corporate Culture Integration

Corporate culture clashes are often identified as a risk to organizational integration. As such, special programs may be initiated to clearly define the culture of the integrated organization, communication it and reward those who embrace it.

Business Process Integration

Business requirements to have two or more processes work together by sharing data and events.

Process Integration

The integration of processes, typically at the event level using technologies such as an enterprise service bus, workflow engine or process automation tool.

Data Integration

Combining data from various sources to support processes, user interfaces or reporting.

System Integration

Integration at the system or application level, often to produce a unified user interface.

B2b Integration

Integration with an external organization such as an information provider, partner or customer.

Enterprise Application Integration

A category of technology, also known as middleware, that supports integration of systems, processes and data.

Point To Point

Integration from one source to another. A point-to-point architecture is often implemented as a tactical method to get the data a project needs as cheaply as possible. With time, point-to-point integrations tend to grow and often number in the thousands for a large organization. This can become a maintenance nightmare as each change to a data schema breaks dozens of integrations.

Batch Integration

Interfaces that combine data from one source to another on a scheduled basis as opposed to real time.

Service Oriented Architecture

An architecture that wraps common functions such as integration services in loosely coupled, reusable, autonomous, stateless, discoverable and interoperable services. Service oriented architectures are intended to be highly reusable and address the tendency for integration functionality to become a mess of duplicated and high maintenance interfaces.

Common Information Model

One of the primary challenges of data integration is that every system and process tends to have very different data definitions. A common information model is a cross-organizational data definition that is used to build integration services. A common model is also useful as a reference and for building new applications.

Application Program Interface

An application programming interface is a library of code wrapped in interfaces that is offered by a particular technology platform or system. In some cases, these are opened up to remote access and can be used as a tool of integration. In such cases, it's possible to build integrated processes by executing code on a variety of platforms.

Data Warehousing

Central repositories of data from a variety of sources that act as a single source of information for reporting and data analysis functions.

Code Integration

Combining the code written by multiple developers or for different projects into a single release.

Continuous Integration

A process of integrating the code of multiple developers on the same project several times a day.


A mashup is a user interface that combines information from a variety of sources. It is often used as a cheaper and faster alternative to data integration at the system or process level.

Project Integration

The integration aspects of a project including organizational structures, processes, data, code and documentation.
Overview: Integration
Interconnecting processes, information and organizational elements.
Related Concepts


This is the complete list of articles we have written about integration.
Data Integration
Information Flow
Information Silo
IT Examples
Process Integration
Smart Endpoints
Systems Integrator
More ...
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