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34 Examples of Data Security

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Data security is the process of securing data throughout its lifecycle including its acquisition, use, processing, transmission, storage and deletion. This is a subset of the overall information security process whereby the extended process encompasses security culture, network security, physical security, system security, data security and security operations. The following are common examples of data security.
Data Anonymization
Removing personal information from data so that it can’t be traced to a person.
Backup & Restore
Building resilient backups of data with the ability to restore it to operational use.
Data Control
Internal controls that implement data management and governance.
Data Masking
Digitally redacting sensitive data.
Data Purging
Permanently deleting data such that it can’t be restored.
Data Room
The secure place where data physically resides.
Data Wipe
Securely erasing data to prevent future access.
Identity and Access Management
Managing user identities and permissions.
Cryptographically securing data from unauthorized use.
Data Privacy
Protecting the rights of individuals regarding personally identifiable data.
Data Confidentiality
Identifying and enforcing a set of rules for who has permission to access data that is private or secret.
Security Testing
Vulnerability scanning, penetration testing and other security tests.
Threat Intelligence
Monitoring and analyzing the current threat environment.
Vulnerability Management
Monitoring and analyzing current vulnerabilities.
Patch Management
Keep systems and infrastructure up-to-date to fix vulnerabilities.
Incident Response
Resolving security incidents.
Data Risk Management
Identifying and treating data risks.
Security Architecture
The structural design of systems and data repositories for security.
Business Continuity
Planning to secure and access data in the event of a major disruption.
Data Loss Prevention
Detecting and preventing potential data breaches and violations of data security policy.
Data Governance
Oversight of data management and compliance across an organization.
Security by Design
Security built into the architecture and design of systems, processes and applications.
Defense in Depth
Many layers of security that assume nothing about the other layers.
Security Operations
The day-to-day process of monitoring and managing security.
Security Audits
Formal, systematic and in-depth reviews of security.
Security Awareness Training
Creating a culture of awareness around security issues and threats.
Security Posture
A broad and general term for a firm’s overall security strength and readiness.
Security Configuration Management
Managing the configuration of technologies for security.
Zero Trust
Always using authentication and authorization without assumptions.
Principle of Least Privilege
Granting users the permissions and access that they need and nothing more.
Data Integrity
Version control, data validation and other processes that ensure data is accurate.
Data Availability
Data security fails if it doesn’t make data available where it adds business value.
Audit Trail
Capturing information that allows data access to be reconstructed in future.
Security Forensics
Reconstructing what happened after a security incident.

Data Security

This is the complete list of articles we have written about data security.
Data Anonymization
Data Breach
Data Authentication
Data Control
Data Backup
Data In Rest
Data In Use
Data Masking
Data Remanence
Data In Transit
Data Room
Data Security
Data States
Data Purging
Data Sovereignty
Data Subject
Data Wipe
Deep Magic
Self-Destruct Mechanism
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An overview of the three data states.

Security vs Privacy

The relationship between security and privacy.


An overview of technology hardening.

Deep Magic

An overview of deep magic, a technology term.

Defense In Depth

An overview of defense In depth.

Encryption Examples

A definition of encryption with examples.

Canary Trap

A definition of canary trap with an example.


A definition of honeypot with examples.

Security Through Obscurity

A definition of security through obscurity with an example.


A definition of token with examples.


A definition of backdoor with examples.


An overview of data with a list of examples.

Types Of Data

The basic types of data.

Dark Data

The definition of dark data with examples.

Data Massage

The mysteries of data massage.

Data Definition

Several useful definitions of data.


A definition of analytics with examples.

Data vs Information

The difference between data and information.

Hard Data vs Soft Data

The difference between hard data and soft data.

Human Readable

A definition of human readable.

Data Loss

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