EliminationIdentifying ways to remove a hazard. For example, a town that has historically experienced a number of large tsunami might build critical facilities such as schools and hospitals on stable land at a high elevation.
SubstitutionSubstituting a hazardous material or process with a something less hazardous. For example, replacing a dangerous chemical with a substance that is believed to be far safer.
EquipmentEquipment such as air ventilation systems that improve indoor air quality.
StructuresStructures such as a bulkhead in a ship that is designed to contain hull breaches and fires.
User InterfacesUser interfaces designed to reduce human error such as a lawn mower that requires a clutch to be held to operate. This prevents users from leaving the mower operating unattended or attempting to perform maintenance while the mower is running.
CommunicationCommunicating safety related information such as hazard warnings. For example, a factory might color-code pipes to visually indicate those that contain a hazard.
Safe by DesignDesigning equipment, vehicles, systems and buildings to be safe. For example, designing equipment such that it is impossible for humans to come in contact with dangerous moving parts.
Human Factors & ErgonomicsDesigning things that are compatible with the physical, cognitive and behavioral characteristics of people. For example, designing a chair so that it doesn't cause injuries over time.
Safety SystemsInformation technology designed to improve safety such as a system for detecting earthquakes. Such information can be relayed to people via mobile devices and trigger automatic shutdown of things such as high speed trains.
ProcessesProcesses that are designed to be safe. For example, a production process that that automates hazardous tasks such as lifting heavy objects.
TrainingA process of regular safety training.
PracticesPractices such as maintenance checklists designed to reduce human error. For example, a checklist for an aircraft maintenance procedure.
AdministrationAdministrative processes, practices and policies to improve safety. For example, a work scheduling policy that prevents overworking pilots.
CultureLeadership, management and team efforts to prioritize safety above all else. For example, making it clear to employees that they have authority to stop a process if it doesn't feel safe.
Personal Protective EquipmentMandating safety equipment such as safety boots on a construction site.
|Overview: Safety Controls|
SafetySafety by Design
Processes, practices, systems, policies and tools that are designed to reduce safety risks.