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16 Examples of Safety Controls

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Safety controls are processes, practices, systems, policies and tools that are designed to reduce safety risks. The following are common examples of safety controls.

Elimination

Identifying ways to remove a hazard. For example, a town that has historically experienced a number of large tsunami might build critical facilities such as schools and hospitals on stable land at a high elevation.

Substitution

Substituting a hazardous material or process with a something less hazardous. For example, replacing a dangerous chemical with a substance that is believed to be far safer.

Equipment

Equipment such as air ventilation systems that improve indoor air quality.

Structures

Structures such as a bulkhead in a ship that is designed to contain hull breaches and fires.

User Interfaces

User interfaces designed to reduce human error such as a lawn mower that requires a clutch to be held to operate. This prevents users from leaving the mower operating unattended or attempting to perform maintenance while the mower is running.

Communication

Communicating safety related information such as hazard warnings. For example, a factory might color-code pipes to visually indicate those that contain a hazard.

Safe by Design

Designing equipment, vehicles, systems and buildings to be safe. For example, designing equipment such that it is impossible for humans to come in contact with dangerous moving parts.

Human Factors & Ergonomics

Designing things that are compatible with the physical, cognitive and behavioral characteristics of people. For example, designing a chair so that it doesn't cause injuries over time.

Fail-safe

A machine or vehicle that is designed to go into a safety mode when something is wrong. For example, an lawnmower that automatically shuts off when it hits a large rock.

Safety Systems

Information technology designed to improve safety such as a system for detecting earthquakes. Such information can be relayed to people via mobile devices and trigger automatic shutdown of things such as high speed trains.

Processes

Processes that are designed to be safe. For example, a production process that that automates hazardous tasks such as lifting heavy objects.

Training

A process of regular safety training.

Practices

Practices such as maintenance checklists designed to reduce human error. For example, a checklist for an aircraft maintenance procedure.

Administration

Administrative processes, practices and policies to improve safety. For example, a work scheduling policy that prevents overworking pilots.

Culture

Leadership, management and team efforts to prioritize safety above all else. For example, making it clear to employees that they have authority to stop a process if it doesn't feel safe.

Personal Protective Equipment

Mandating safety equipment such as safety boots on a construction site.
Overview: Safety Controls
Type
Safety
Safety by Design
Definition
Processes, practices, systems, policies and tools that are designed to reduce safety risks.
Related Concepts

Safety Design

This is the complete list of articles we have written about safety design.
Active Safety
Defensive Design
Derating
Error Tolerance
Fail-safe
Graceful Degradation
Mistake Proofing
Moving Parts
Passive Risk
Passive Safety
Reliability Engineering
Residual Risk
Safety Controls
Safety Needs
Secondary Risk
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