Human nature are the common dispositions, characteristics and capabilities of people. These are foundations of human thought and behavior. The following are illustrative examples.
Humans are born with emotional and physical needs that must regularly be satisfied to avoid pain and decline. For example, the need to eat or to be safe.
Humans have instincts and are able to override these with higher level thought processes. For example, a person may feel a strong urge to flee from danger but may override this to face the danger where it makes sense.
Humans have a sense of self such that they defend what they view as their self interests and have a sense of self-esteem and self-importance.
A desire to be connected and to interact with other people.
Humans have desires known as motivation that are amazingly diverse as compared to animal instincts such as the drive to find food.
Emotions are mental states that color all thought for a period of time.
Empathy & Sympathy
Empathy is the ability to share emotions and sympathy is the ability to recognize emotions and react appropriately.
The ability to think in ways that differ from concrete reality.
The ability to produce things from the imagination such as designs or new concepts.
The unconstrained pursuit of expression.
The ability to feel that elements of the world are beautiful or otherwise appealing.
Play is the drive to find joy and fun in the world.
Humans appear to be competitive and may seek to create competition with sports, games, challenges and similar pursuits.
People commonly compare themselves to other people.
The desire for respect and recognition from others.
The drive to grow, explore and improve.
The drive to create and produce.
The ability to consider evidence in a systematic way to form opinions.
Discipline is the ability to transcend motivation to do what is required in a situation. For example, the discipline to wake early in the morning to train when your motivation is telling you to sleep late.
Introspection is the ability to examine your own character, thinking, emotions and behavior to self-improve.
An ability to remember information for a lifetime. Human memories are often fuzzy and surrounded in emotion such as nostalgia.
Intuition are opinions and feelings that are formulated with processes that are unknown to your conscious mind. Plato and Socrates viewed this in mystical terms as a connection to an eternal force. Modern theories view intuition as unconscious knowledge and unconscious cognition although this isn't well understood.
The ability to try to understand things and to share this information.
The ability to act in an environment of uncertainty and risk to pursue opportunity.
Human beings aren't infallible such that they often fail, make mistakes and misjudge things.
Humans are highly capable and well adapted to life on Planet Earth. For example, humans have a large number of social capabilities such that they can cooperate in large groups in a highly organized way.
Humans can learn from failures, stresses and risk taking to become stronger.
Humans often lack capabilities that would be advantageous to their life. These can be physical or cognitive. For example, individuals commonly have character weaknesses. Each individual has a unique set of strengths and weaknesses.
The ability to identify actions that may achieve a short term advantage.
An ability to think out a series of actions that will achieve a goal in the long term. Humans have significant capacity for strategic thinking.
People commonly seek to control their environment. They may also seek to exert control or influence over each other.
People seek freedom from control. They demonstrate reactance, meaning they may strongly react to attempts to take freedoms away.
The ability for groups such as nations to use communication and understanding to resolve differences.
Politics is the process of making decisions as a group through communication. Often involves intense power struggles that may nonetheless remain somewhat civil. Politics tends to emerge in any group that cooperates.
Civility is the ability to organize into societies, communities and cultures and to conform to a shared set of rules in order to live in peace.
A tendency for civility and diplomacy to breakdown resulting in conflict between individuals and groups.
A dread of failure, uncertainty and risk. A type of instinct or motivation.
Angst is the fear that your life will be meaningless. A type of motivation.
A desire for experiences that are deeply meaningful to an individual.
The ability to demonstrate unconditional loyalty, deep affection and benevolent concern for others.
Philosophy & Spirituality
The ability to ponder foundational questions concerning the nature of the universe and the meaning of life.
People commonly adopt principles of right and wrong that they use to judge thoughts and actions.
An unselfish desire to make things better even if it means personal sacrifice.
An ability to overcome elements of society or human nature that is inconsistent with your pursuits. For example, an individual who can transcend the common tendency to engage in social comparison to reach a state of joyful self-confidence.
The list above isn't exhaustive. All the traits above aren't necessarily universal but are common human characteristics.It is often argued that humans can act in ways that are contrary to their nature. For example, being anti-social when you are innately social.