A system adopted by a social group as a foundation for law, economic production, culture and quality of life.
A way of life adopted by a social group.
SimilaritiesBoth a society and a culture are typically intended to improve quality of life by creating frameworks for cooperation, shared experience and identity.
DifferencesA society is a system that includes a government, economy, regions, cities, communities, cultures, institutions, legal system, infrastructure and capital. Societies are largely defined by a political process whereby people may participate indirectly by voting. It is also common for a society to have a large bureaucracy that manages things.A culture emerges amongst people through a process of shared experiences. This not systematic, bureaucratic or political but rather a shared way of life that people voluntarily follow. Cultures exist at many levels such a culture associated with a nation, region, city, neighborhood, language, religion, ethnicity, profession, art or hobby. As such, a society may contain many cultures but may be strongly aligned to a dominant national culture or cultures of different regions that have united under a single society.
Way of Life
One society in a place as represented by a nation.
Many cultures in a place such that an individual may belong to multiple cultures. For example, a person who belongs to a national culture, city culture, neighborhood culture and music scene.
Primarily defined by politics and bureaucratic processes.
Primarily defined by shared experiences, tradition and history.
RelationshipCulture is one of many elements that make for a society. That is to say that a society includes a government, economic system, land, people and their cultures. A society may defend and nurture its cultures. Alternatively, it may compete with culture and attempt to suppress it. It is also common for a society to seek to standardized and unify culture. For example, a government that seeks to extinguish native languages in favor of a common language.
GovernmentInstitutionsConstitutionLegal SystemEconomic SystemLand CapitalPeopleCulturesSoft InfrastructureHard Infrastructure
TraditionsHistoryNormsCelebrationsPastimesRites of PassageRolesResponsibilitiesValuesArtsEntertainment