Ochre is a series of brown, yellow and red colors that are produced by clay pigments that contain ferric oxide, also known as rust. These are amongst the first pigments that were used by humans. For example, they appear in the Blombos cave drawings that are around 75,000 years old. The following are common types of ochre color.
NotesIn addition to clay and iron oxide, ochre pigments may be based on earth and iron oxide-hydroxide that has a distinctive yellow color.
|Definition||A series of brown, yellow and red colors that are based on a family of traditional pigments made with clay, earth, ferric oxide and/or iron oxide-hydroxide. |
|Associations||Ancient colors that have been used since prehistory on every inhabited continent. Ochre colors are considered earthy and natural as they are inspired by pigments that are literally made with earth, clay and minerals.Associated with traditional architecture and art in many areas of the world.Historically, ochre pigment had a large number of uses in different civilizations. For example, it was historically used as a clothing dye, hair colorant, cosmetic and sunscreen. The Himba people of northern Namibia use ochre as a cosmetic paste for skin and hair. This provides protection from the sun and mosquitoes. Ochre is also used by the tribe to cleanse the skin as water is in extremely short supply. |
|Similar Colors||SiennaUmber |
This is the complete list of articles we have written about color palettes.
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