PreventionPreventing disasters before they occur. For example, a city that is engineered from the ground up to withstand strong earthquakes.
Laws & RegulationsLaws and regulations such as an earthquake resilient building code or laws that govern behavior in a disaster such as the prohibition of price gouging.
Risk ManagementIdentifying, assessing and managing disaster related risks. For example, if you are building a school you might do an assessment of earthquake, tsunami, storm, flood and fire risk to find ways to avoid and reduce these risks. resilient to stresses such as a neighborhood that grows some of its own food.water infrastructure that can prevent floods or a tsunami shelter can save lives in a tsunami.
SystemsSystems such as a tsunami early warning system that warns people of an incoming tsunami and asks that they proceed to predefined shelters and escape routes.
PlanningCreating a plan for what you will do in the case of a disaster. For example, an organization may plan how to communicate, regroup, make sure people are safe and continue operations. Planning also occurs at the level of a nation, city, neighborhood and family.
TrainingTraining for basic survival skills and how to help others. Organizations and governments may also train employees to restore services such as procedures for moving to a cold site. Training may include simulations and drills that allow people to practice.
Supplies & EquipmentStocks of things that will be needed in the first days of an emergency such as water, food, first-aid supplies, safety equipment, illumination, shelter, insulation, navigation and communication tools. It should be assumed that technologies such as mobile phone services may not be available in a disaster. As such, more basic technologies such as a battery operated radio should be stocked. Supplies may be specific to each potential disaster such as a personal flotation device for a flood or a protective helmet for an earthquake.
|Overview: Disaster Preparedness|
Precautionary measures designed to reduce the losses caused by potential disasters.