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27 Examples of Economic Freedoms

Economic freedoms are the fundamental rights of people to engage in economic activity without undue interference. This includes rights and freedoms that are highly specific to economic systems such as property rights that underpin capitalism. Economic freedoms are also quite broad and related to a number of fundamental freedoms. For example, you couldn't engage in normal economic activity without freedom of movement. The following are illustrative examples of economic freedoms.
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
Freedom of Contract
Freedom to Conduct a Business
Freedom to Pursue an Occupation
Property Rights
Right of Collective Bargaining and Action
Consumer Protection Rights
Environmental Protection Rights
Freedom from Anti-competitive Practices
Freedom from Corruption
Freedom from Discrimination
Freedom from Slavery and Servitude
Freedom of Assembly & Association
Freedom of Expression and Information
Freedom of Movement
Prohibition of Child Labour
Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Right to Access Economic Infrastructure
Right to Access Markets
Right to Education
Right to Engage in Work
Right to Fair Working Conditions
Right to Marry and Right to Found a Family
Right to Protection Against Unjustified Dismissal
Right to Take Part in Cultural Life
Rule of Law
Social Security and Social Assistance Rights
The list above is based on the constitutions, charters and similar documents of The United States, Japan and the European Union. It is also based on the The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union has quite a few highly specific economic rights such as the Right of Access to [job] Placement Services.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states "Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community." This can be broadly interpreted. For example, it is difficult to live a cultured life without disposable income and leisure time such as weekends.
The Right to Access Economic Infrastructure relates to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union which grants "access to services of general economic interest."
Freedom from anti-competitive practices relates to regulation of business to preserve fair competition. Laissez-faire capitalism without any regulations would likely end with a single monolithic monopoly controlling everything. This situation would ironically resemble communism.
One person's rights can become another person's oppression. As such, there is always a question of how to balance competing rights and freedoms. For example, you may have the freedom to start a car company but you probably wouldn't have the right to sell cars that are unusually dangerous as this would conflict with rights to consumer protection, safety and security.


This is the complete list of articles we have written about freedom.
Data Subject
Democratic Rights
Digital Freedom
Economic Freedoms
Economic Rights
Human Rights
Media Freedom
Natural Rights
Personal Data
Personal Freedom
Political Voice
Private Data
Public Space
Right To Play
Self Determination
Social Rights
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Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, 2000 O.J. (C 364), 2000.
Jefferson, Thomas. "Declaration of independence: A transcription." National Archives 4, 1776.
Constitution of Japan, Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet, 1946.
Assembly, UN General. "Universal declaration of human rights." UN General Assembly, 1948.


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