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8 Examples of Middle Office

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Middle office is an organizational layer of a bank that handles critical and time sensitive controls, execution and decision support functions. As the term suggests, middle office functions typically require close coordination with both the front and back office. The following are common examples of middle office functions.

Risk

Risk management including market and credit risk.

Compliance

Trade monitoring and compliance.

Order Management

Front office executes trades and middle office manages the remainder of the trade lifecycle.

Product Control

Product control such as position limits.

Information Technology

Technology functions that are critical to the front office.

Decision Support

Decision support such as performance reporting.

Treasury

Management of collections, disbursements, investment and funding activities.

Financial Controls

Financial controls and monitoring.

Notes

The middle office differs widely from bank to bank.
The same functions may exist at different levels in middle and back office. For example, compliance may be divided into middle and back office teams that perform complimentary roles.
The term middle office is heavily associated with banking and investment banking but is occasionally used in other industries.
Overview: Middle Office
Type
Definition
An organizational layer of a bank that handles time sensitive controls, execution and decision support functions.
Related Concepts

Organizational Structure

This is the complete list of articles we have written about organizational structure.
Back Office
Bureaucracy
Business Unit
Centralization
Company Departments
Contingency Theory
Cost Center
Decision Authority
Direct Reports
Division Of Labor
Flat Organization
Formal Authority
Front Office
Functional Areas
Functional Structure
Indirect Reports
Job Grades
Job Levels
Line Of Business
Management Structure
Matrix Management
Middle Management
Middle Office
Offices
Operations
Organization Design
Organizational Attributes
Organizational Planning
Organizations
Profit Center
Reporting Lines
Restructuring
Self-Organization
Structure
Teams
Top Down
Work Responsibilities
Work Roles
Workforce
Working Level
Workplace
More ...
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Organizational Structure

Common types of organizational structure.

Line Of Business

A definition of line of business with several examples.

Profit Center vs Cost Center

The difference between a profit center and a cost center.

Structure Follows Strategy

An overview of structure follows strategy.

Internal Consultants

A definition of internal consultant with examples.

Working Level

A definition of working-level with examples.

Self-Organization

The definition of self-organization with examples.

Back Office

The definition of back office with examples.

Front Office

The definition of front office with examples.

Risk Management

An overview of the risk management process.

Risk Evaluation

The basic steps of risk evaluation.

Risk Response

The common types of risk response.

Risk Exposure

A definition of risk exposure with example calculations.

Risk Monitoring

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Acceptable Risk

A definition of acceptable risk with examples.

Minimax Criterion

The definition of minimax criterion with examples.

Risk Estimates

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Business Risk Management

An overview of common business risk management techniques.

Technology Risk Management

A reasonably comprehensive overview of technology risk management.
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