AccountingAccounting and related functions such as auditing.Information technology including both operations and development teams. Certain technology functions may be considered front office or middle office depending on the firm and industry. For example, technology directly used by the customer and front office teams. Human resources and related administrative functions.
ManufacturingManufacturing and related functions such as logistics.
NotesIn some cases, back offices are located further from the customer to save money or to make the firm more resilient to disaster. It is also common for a back office and front office to be in the same building.
|Overview: Back Office|
Any department or team in a firm that doesn't directly interact with the customer.