Stakeholder management is the process of engaging stakeholders in a project such that they are accountable, responsible, consulted and informed as appropriate. The following are common stakeholder management techniques.
Stakeholder IdentificationIdentifying anyone impacted by the project in a well communicated manner such that nobody can come along and derail the project in the middle with the claim they weren't properly informed or consulted.
Stakeholder AnalysisDevelop a RACI matrix that identifies who is responsible, accountable, consulted, informed for project activities, tasks and deliverables.
CommunicationsPublish a communication plan that sets expectations about how project information will be shared. Communications may be tailored to the needs of stakeholders. For example, weekly status reports to executives based on a visual RAG status.Influencing and motivating teams to achieve project objectives and overcome political obstacles such as resistance to change.
Project BrandingSelling a project using well established branding techniques used to market products and services.A core theme of stakeholder management is managing expectations such that stakeholders don't imagine the project is something that it is not. The primary tool of expectation management is the documentation of assumptions and constraints including explicit statements of things that are out of scope. Over-communicating this information is often preferable to under-communicating.
Risk ManagementAn open and well communicated risk management process that identifies and treats risk. Where risks are taken, they are explicitly accepted by accountable stakeholders.
Project ControlControl the project and hold stakeholders to their accountability and responsibility. For example, if a decision making process is delayed, escalate and communicate the delay immediately.
Stakeholder SalienceResolving competing stakeholder demands by looking at their authority and role in the organization and project. This prevents a particularly vocal stakeholder from misdirecting the project while executives with more authority aren't engaged.Expecting resistance to change in both active and passive forms and using change management techniques to counter such opposition.
Issue ManagementManaging the process of identifying and resolving issues. Often involves facilitating conversations between stakeholders.
This is the complete list of articles we have written about stakeholder management.
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A list of common project stakeholders.
A list of common project risks.
A list of basic project management techniques.
A definition of workaround with examples.
A list of project branding techniques.
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The primary types of cost overrun.
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Common causes of project failure.
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The common types of change to a project.
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An overview of project quality management with examples.
A list of change characteristics for change management.
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