HardwareThe physical manifestations of information technology such as computers, memory, data storage, sensors and networking devices.
MachinesMachines such as an industrial drill on a production line.
MaterialsAdvanced materials such as translucent concrete or carbon fiber reinforced plastic.
EnergyEnergy infrastructure such as solar panels.
TransportationTransportation infrastructure such as a high speed maglev train.
SafetySafety equipment such as a tuned mass damper that makes a large building more resilient to earthquakes.
Assistive TechnologyTechnologies that help people with disabilities or the elderly. These are often physical technologies such as a prosthetic limb.
BiotechnologyBiotechnology such as a medicine.
RoboticsRobots are machines that are autonomous or semi-autonomous meaning that they can interact with the world on their own.
VehiclesVehicles such as an electronic bicycle.
Heavy EquipmentLarge machines used in heavy industry, construction, mining, agriculture and other industries. For example, a crane used to construct buildings and infrastructure.
Architectural TechnologyArchitectural technology such as a heating cooling and ventilation system.
InstrumentsInstruments such as a DNA analyzer used in a science lab.
PrintersDevices that create physical manifestations of digital models such as a paper or 3d printer.
Internet of ThingsInternet of things is the practice of putting computers that are connected to the internet into every imaginable type of physical product. For example, a refrigerator that is connected to the internet such that it can regularly upgrade its software.
FashionModern fashion can often be viewed as a technology. For example, fashions made with advanced materials that are lighter and warmer than traditional materials.
Low TechTechnology that is far behind the state of the art that may nonetheless be preferred by consumers and businesses. Low technology may be specifically designed to remove advanced features. For example, a mechanical watch that doesn't contain a computer that is preferred by consumers who want a traditional timepiece.
NanotechnologyA broad term for any technology less than 100 nanometers. For example, most work on farms may one day be accomplished by quadrillions of nanobots that work together as swarms.
SpaceTechnology related to space infrastructure and exploration such as satellites or spacecraft.
|Overview: Physical Technology|
Technology that is tangible such that it physically exists.
Used to differentiate between technologies that physically exist and those that are purely code and data.