40 Types of Technology Strategy
John Spacey, December 21, 2015 updated on March 22, 2021
Technology strategy is a plan to achieve business goals with information technology. Most technology initiatives can be described using a handful of basic strategies. These include:
Analytics And ReportingDiscovery of meaningful information in data and visualizing it to support decision making.
Architectural InitiativesChanges to the structure and design of IT.
Audit TrailCapturing details of digital events such as transactions for use in audits or investigations.
Business Activity MonitoringTools for monitoring business processes and events in real time.
Business RulesAutomation of business rule execution.
Collaboration ToolsTechnologies that allow teams to make simultaneous contributions to the same work product.
Communication TechnologyCommunication tools such as voice, text chat, email and shared visual environments.
ComputationCalculating things and processing data.
Content And Media TechnologyProduction, management and distribution of content and media.
Data AnalysisTools for analyzing data typically using statistical methods.
Data AcquisitionAcquiring data from people, sensors or by integration with data repositories.
Decision AutomationAutomation of decisions using techniques such as decision trees or artificial intelligence.
Decision SupportContextual information that is relevant to decision making.
Design SupportDesign tools in areas such as visual design, architectural planning and engineering.
Event ProcessingEvent processing engines take in streams of events to find patterns that can be actioned by invoking a business service or sending a notification.
Gamification TechniquesThe use of game design techniques in business software.
GeospatialIncorporating geographical and spatial information in business applications such as asset tracking.
Information SecurityDefending information technology from unauthorized use, modification or destruction.
Information VisualizationTransformation of data into visualizations that can be intuitively understood.
InfrastructureBasic services such as networking and computing.
IntegrationThe process of combining parts of a business so that they work together including organizational units, processes, technologies and information.
Knowledge ManagementTools for capturing, managing and using knowledge.
Machine AutomationAutomation of physical tasks using machines.
MeasurementMeasurement of a business including business metrics and key performance indicators.
MobilityAccess to business tools from mobile devices.
ModernizationReplacing legacy technology that represents an inefficiency and risk.
PredictionForecasting future business parameters such as industry trends or sales.
Process AutomationThe automation or semi-automation of business processes.
Process ImprovementStrategies to incrementally optimize a business process typically using management accounting techniques.
Process OrchestrationA type of process automation that is handled by a central controller.
Productivity ToolsGeneral purpose tools for office productivity such as document creation.
RoboticsAn advanced form of machine automation that implies some level of autonomous functionality.
Scientitic ComputingThe use of computing to support scientific research and calculation.
SearchTools for locating information across large data repositories and networks.
Self ServiceFunctionality that allows customers, employees and partners to complete tasks without assistance.
Service ManagementServices that manage information technology including service operation and service desk.
SimulationSimulation of real world things for purposes such as research, training and entertainment.
Technology ExperienceStrategies designed to improve user interfaces and visualizations.
Transaction ProcessingProcessing of transactions such as ecommerce purchases.
WorkflowProcesses that include both automation and human tasks.
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